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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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Overweight or obesity and related lifestyle and psychosocial factors among adolescents in Brunei Darussalam

Supa Pengpid
  • ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom, Thailand
  • Department of Research Innovation and Development, University of Limpopo, Turfloop Campus, Sovenga, South Africa
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Karl Peltzer
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Research Innovation and Development, University of Limpopo, Turfloop Campus, Sovenga, South Africa
  • HIV/AIDS/STIs and TB (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-08-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0019


This study aimed to assess overweight and obesity and associated factors in school-going adolescents in Brunei Darussalam. The sample included 2599 school-going adolescents that responded to the Global School-based Student Health Survey (mean age 14.7 years, SD = 1.4). Body weight status was assessed based on self-reported height and weight and the international child body mass index standards. The relationship between lifestyle factors, including physical activity and dietary behaviour, and overweight or obesity were assessed using logistic regression analyses. Results indicate a prevalence of overweight or obesity of 35.1% and obesity of 17.3%. In multivariable regression analysis, bullying victimisation was positively and frequent fast food consumption, having experienced hunger and meeting physical activity recommendations were negatively associated with overweight or obesity. High prevalence rates of overweight or obesity were found and several risk factors identified, which can assist in guiding interventions.

Keywords: Brunei Darussalam; dietary behaviour; overweight or obesity; physical activity; psychosocial factors; sedentary behaviour


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About the article

Received: 2018-01-19

Accepted: 2018-03-08

Published Online: 2018-08-14

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180019, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0019.

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