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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

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Perception of parenting styles by in-school adolescents in South-West Nigeria

Abimbola Margaret ObimakindeORCID iD: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5924-952X / Olayinka Omigbodun
  • Department of Psychiatry and Center for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, College of Medicine, University College Hospital, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Olurotimi Adejumo / Babatunde Adedokun
  • Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-11-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0023



Parenting styles can be explained as behavioural strategies parents use to interact with their offspring. It is importance to understand the perception of parenting styles received by adolescents undergoing socio-cognitive development, however, there are few Nigerian studies exploring this topic.


To describe the perception of parenting styles received by in-school adolescents in South-West Nigeria.


A descriptive cross-sectional multistage study was conducted among students attending public and private schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. Data was collected by self-administered questionnaires, evaluating socio-demographic characteristics and perception of styles of parenting received by the adolescents.


The prevalent perceived parenting style was the authoritative style (73.1%) and the least perceived was the permissive (3.8%) style. Female adolescents perceived fathers as being more negligent (65.2%), permissive (66.7%) and authoritarian (56.0%) but less authoritative (40.4%) than male adolescents (p = 0.01). Adolescents in lower social class perceived their mothers as more authoritarian (78.6%) and negligent (72.7%) in contrast to adolescents in higher social class (p = 0.889).


Perceived parenting style is the tendency of the adolescent to cognizance the behaviour of parents in a particular manner in all situations and develop a perception about their parents. The prevalent authoritative style is the ideal and most desirable style of parenting worldwide, as it describes parents who maintain a balance between high levels of demandingness and responsiveness, consistently supervising their adolescent’s behaviour and practicing constructive criticism. Other styles of parenting can be perceived by adolescents and may prevail across socio-economic divide, as depicted by this study.

Keywords: adolescents; in-school; parenting; styles


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About the article

Received: 2018-01-22

Accepted: 2018-03-22

Published Online: 2018-11-13

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180023, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0023.

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