Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Online
ISSN
2191-0278
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print

Issues

The relationship between anxiety and social support in male and female students in high schools in the southeast of Iran

Batool Pouraboli
  • School of Nursing and Midwifery, Department of Pediatric and Neonatal Nursing, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Faroukh Abazari
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Community Health, Nursing and Midwifery School of Razi, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Tahere Abbasi / Ali Mehdizadeh
  • Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Yunes Jahani
  • Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-11-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0029

Abstract

Introduction

Adolescence is associated with physical, social and personality changes. Adolescents usually face some fears during this period, the removal and adjustment of which requires family and teachers’ support and the lack of attention to the issues of maturity will have negative effects on their health, awareness and self-esteem. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between anxiety and social support among male and femaille students in high schools in the southeast of Iran.

Materials and methods

In this cross-sectional study that was conducted as a descriptive comparison, 452 students who were studying in the first period of high school in Kerman (junior high schools) were selected as the entire population by the cluster sampling method and the data collection instruments were: a demographic questionnaire, Philips Social Support Scale and the Cattle Anxiety Scale. As well as descriptive statistics, to test the hypothesis of this study by SPSS software, and in the case of abnormal distribution of each variable, non-parametric tests were used.

Results

The results showed that anxiety in girls is great than in boys, also data analysis through Pearson’s test showed that there is a negative and significant relationship between anxiety and social support in girls (r = −0.428, n = 226, p < 0.001) and boys (r = −0.378, n = 226, p < 0.001).

Conclusion

The results of research showed that by increasing perceptions of social support in students, their anxiety decreases. Therefore, paying attention to the social determinants of health such as social support is important and necessary to reduce the anxiety of students.

Keywords: adolescents; anxiety; Iran; social support; students

References

  • [1]

    Naseri A, Babakhani N. The effect of life skills training on physical and verbal aggression male delinquent adolescents marginalized in Karaj. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2014;116:4875–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2]

    Jafarabadi VP, Pakdaman S. Investigating the effect of training rhythmic games on reducing symptoms of behavioral disorder in preschoolers of the city of Sirjan. IJHCS. 2016:1034–46.Google Scholar

  • [3]

    Smith EE, Nolen-Hocksema S. Atkinson and Hilgards’s introduction to psychology. USA: Thomson; 2004.Google Scholar

  • [4]

    Behbahani A. Technical and vocational education and the structure of education system in Iran. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2010;5:1071–5.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5]

    Mousavi M, Haghshenas H, Alishahi M. Effect of gender, school performance and school type on test anxiety among Iranian adolescents. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2008;2008(1):4–7.Google Scholar

  • [6]

    Ersoy-Kart M, Güldü Ö. Vulnerability to stress, perceived social support, and coping styles among chronic hemodialysis patients. Dial Transplant. 2005;34(10):662–71.Google Scholar

  • [7]

    Jesse DE, Kim H, Herndon C. Social support and self‐esteem as mediators between stress and antepartum depressive symptoms in rural pregnant women. Res Nurs Health. 2014;37(3):241–52.PubMedCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [8]

    Sadeghi H, Saeedi M, Rahzani K, Esfandiary A. The relationship between social support and death anxiety in hemodialysis patients. Iran J Psychiatry. 2015;2(4):36–48.Google Scholar

  • [9]

    van Leeuwen C, Post MW, van Asbeck FW, van der Woude LH, de Groot S, Lindeman E. Social support and life satisfaction in spinal cord injury during and up to one year after inpatient rehabilitation. J Rehabil Med. 2010;42(3):265–71.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [10]

    Asgari P, Naderi F, Sharafodin H. Relationship of social anxiety and social support with subjective well being in female students. Woman Culture. 2010;2(2):48–58.Google Scholar

  • [11]

    Rashedi V, Gharib M, Rezaei M, Yazdani AA. Social support and anxiety in the elderly of Hamedan, Iran. J Rehabil. 2013;14(2):110–5.Google Scholar

  • [12]

    Brummett BH, Mark DB, Siegler IC, Williams RB, Babyak MA, Clapp-Channing NE, et al. Perceived social support as a predictor of mortality in coronary patients: effects of smoking, sedentary behavior, and depressive symptoms. Psychosom Med. 2005;67(1):40–5.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13]

    Aludari M, Delavar Kasmaei H, Aboutalebi S, Dehghan F, Rahmanpour N. Behavioral problems in Iranian epileptic children; a case control study. Int J Pediatr. 2017;5(12):6713–9.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [14]

    Voitkane S, Miezite S. The relationship of social support, psychological well-being, anxiety, depression, and student needs to self-esteem and assertiveness in first year university students. 19th International Conference on The First-Year Experience, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, July 24–27, 2006.Google Scholar

  • [15]

    Yochim BP, Mueller AE, June A, Segal DL. Psychometric properties of the geriatric anxiety scale: comparison to the beck anxiety inventory and geriatric anxiety inventory. Clin Gerontolt. 2010;34(1):21–33.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16]

    Majercsik E, Haller J. Interactions between anxiety, social support, health status and buspirone efficacy in elderly patients. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2004;28(7):1161–9.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [17]

    Vaux A, Phillips J, Holly L, Thomson B, Williams D, Stewart D. The social support appraisals (SS‐A) scale: studies of reliability and validity. Am J Community Psychol. 1986;14(2):195–218.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18]

    Pour TH. The effect of cognitive behavioural therapy on anxiety in infertile women. Euro J Exp Bio. 2014;4(1):415–9.Google Scholar

  • [19]

    Maleki M, Varzandeh O. The relationship of code-switching strategy use with anxiety and speaking fluency of learners. Int J Educ Investig. 2016;3(7):85–95.Google Scholar

  • [20]

    Doust AV, Toghyani M, Darbanian M, Bahrampour M, Salimi S, Abedi MR, The relationship between Adler’s life styles and parents’ parenting styles. Intl J Phys Behav Res. 2014;1(4):6713–9.Google Scholar

  • [21]

    Yasin AS, Dzulkifli MA. The relationship between social support and psychological problems among students. Int J Bus Soc Sci Res. 2010;1(3):25–33.Google Scholar

  • [22]

    Pasha G, Safarzadeh SM. Compered to general health and social support among the elderly living in nursing homes and elderly people living in households. J Fam Res. 2007;3(9):18–26.Google Scholar

  • [23]

    Abazari F, Lakzaei H, Jahani Y, Mansouri A, Saboori A. The survey of relationship between social support with mental health of students in Kerman Medical University. Teb va Tazkieh. 2015;24(2):9–18.Google Scholar

  • [24]

    Stroebe W, Zech E, Stroebe MS, Abakoumkin G. Does social support help in bereavement? J Soc Clin Psychol. 2005;24(7):1030–50.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [25]

    Kitchin E. The use of Social Stories to help bedtime resistance in a sample of young school-aged children. Doctoral Thesis. UK: University of Southampton; 2009.Google Scholar

  • [26]

    Sigelman CK, Rider EA. Life-span human development. UK: Cengage Learning; 2014.Google Scholar

  • [27]

    Mousavi R, Mousavi SS, Akbari Zardkhaneh S. Instruments for assessment and diagnosis of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2008;6(2):147–54.Google Scholar

  • [28]

    Omranian M, Sheikholeslami R. The role of attachment styles in satisfying basic psychological needs of children with regard to mother’s employment status. J Woman Health. 2012;4(2):45–61.Google Scholar

  • [29]

    Segal D, Bolghan-Abadi M, editors. Farsi version of the geriatric anxiety scale: translation and psychometric properties among Iranian older adults. Gerontologist. 2012;17(7):45–55.Google Scholar

  • [30]

    Pachana NA, Byrne GJ, Siddle H, Koloski N, Harley E, Arnold E. Development and validation of the geriatric anxiety inventory. Int Psychogeriatr. 2007;19(1):103–14.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [31]

    Litwin H, Landau R. Social network type and social support among the old-old. J Aging Stud. 2000;14:213–28.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [32]

    Karimi R, Taghavi Larijani T, Mehran A, Ghaljaei F. Association between adolescent girls anxiety and parental style of control. J Hayat. 2006;11(4):83–7.Google Scholar

  • [33]

    Movahedi RN, Ajavadi HA, Ahmadi M, Fakhar MF, Akbarian M, Malmir I. A comparison of prevalence of clear anxiety among the students with different demographic characteristics. J Educ Sci. 2012;5(17):135–45.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2018-01-27

Accepted: 2018-02-22

Published Online: 2018-11-13


Conflict of interest statement: Authors had no financial interests related to the material in the manuscript.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180029, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0029.

Export Citation

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in