World Health Organization (WHO). Childhood overweight and obesity [Internet]. Available from: http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/childhood/en/. Accessed on January 2018.Google Scholar
de Onis M, Blossner M, Borghi E. Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr [Internet]. 2010;92(5):1257–64. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20861173%5Cn http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/doi/10.3945/ajcn.2010.29786.Crossref
Giugliano R, Carneiro EC. Factors associated with obesity in school children. J Pediatr (Rio J) [Internet]. 2004;80(1):17–22. Available from: http://www.jped.com.br/conteudo/Ing_resumo.asp?varArtigo=1128&cod=&idSecao=4.Crossref
Veugelers PJ, Fitzgerald AL. Prevalence of and risk factors for childhood overweight and obesity. Can Med Assoc J [Internet]. 2005;173(6):607. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16157724.Crossref
Aronne LJ. Classification of obesity and assessment of obesity-related health risks. Obes Res [Internet]. 2002;10(S12):105S–15S. Available from: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1038/oby.2002.203.
Rizzo NS, Ruiz JR, Oja L, Veidebaum T, Sjostrom M. Associations between physical activity, body fat, and insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment) in adolescents: the European Youth Heart Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87(3):586–92.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Friedlander SL, Larkin EK, Rosen CL, Palermo TM, Redline S. Decreased quality of life associated with obesity in school-aged children. ArchPediatr AdolescMed [Internet]. 2003;157(12):1206–11. Available from: pm:14662577.Google Scholar
Hesketh K, Wake M, Waters E. Body mass index and parent-reported self-esteem in elementary school children: evidence for a causal relationship. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004;28(10):1233–7.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Malnutrition in Bangladesh: new report published [Internet]. Available from: https://bangladesh.savethechildren.net/news/malnutrition-bangladesh-new-report-published.
Singh AS, Mulder C, Twisk J, Van Mechelen W, Chinapaw M. Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature. Obesity Reviews. 2008;9(5):474–88.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Whitaker RC. Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. N Engl J Med [Internet]. 1997;337(13):869–873. Available from: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199709253371301.Crossref
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Pocketbook of Bangladesh 2007. Dhaka, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; 2007.Google Scholar
WHO. Obesity and overweight[Internet]. The World Health Organization, 2016:1–5. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/. Accessed on January 2018.
Wang LY, Yang Q, Lowry R, Wechsler H. Economic analysis of a school-based obesity prevention program. Obes Res [Internet]. 2003;11(11):1313–24. Available from: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1038/oby.2003.178.Crossref
Gortmaker SL, Peterson K, Wiecha J, Sobol AM, Dixit S, Fox MK, et al. Reducing Obesity via a school-based interdisciplinary intervention among youth. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med [Internet]. 1999;153(4):409. Available from: http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/archpedi.153.4.409.Crossref
CDC. Clinical Growth Charts[Internet]. National Center for Health Statistics. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/growthcharts/clinical_charts.htm. Accessed on February 2018.
Biswas T, Islam A, Islam MS, Pervin S, Rawal LB. Overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Bangladesh: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Public Health [Internet]. 2017;142:94–101. Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0033350616303122.Crossref
Sultana S. Prevalence and risk factor of childhood overweight and obesity in primary school children of Dhaka city [Internet]. University of Oslo; 2010. Available from: https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/30024/ShuhanaxSultana.pdf?sequence=1.
Anuradha RK, Sathyavathi RB, Reddy TM, Hemalatha R, Sudhakar G, Geetha P, et al. Effect of social and environmental determinants on overweight and obesity prevalence among adolescent school children. Indian J Endocrinol Metab [Internet]. 2015;19(2):283–7. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25729693%0Ahttp://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=PMC4319271.Crossref
Kimario JT. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among school children in Moshi Municipality, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania [Internet]. Ghent University, 2015. Available from: https://lib.ugent.be/fulltxt/RUG01/002/217/238/RUG01-002217238_2015_0001_AC.pdf. Accessed on February 2018.
Rahman M, Reza S, Islam M, Rahman A, Nath A. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among English Medium School Children of Dhaka city in Bangladesh. J Environ Sci Nat Resour [Internet]. 2015;7(1):63–7. Available from: http://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JESNR/article/view/22146.
McInnis KJ, Franklin BA, Rippe JM. Counseling for physical activity in overweight and obese patients. Am Fam Physician [Internet]. 2003;67(6):1249–56. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12674453.
Padilla N, Biason M-L, Ledésert B. Prevalence and risk factors of overweight among 5- to 11-year-old schoolchildren in Narbonne, France . Sante Publique (Paris) [Internet]. 2012;24(4):317–28. Available from: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84870902709%7B&%7DpartnerID=40%7B&%7Dmd5=90fec486466e3f18121f1eebe14239cb.
Owens J. Insufficient sleep in adolescents and young adults: an update on causes and consequences. Pediatrics [Internet]. 2014;134(3):e921–32. Available from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/doi/10.1542/peds.2014-1696.Crossref
Bhuiyan MU, Zaman S, Ahmed T. Risk factors associated with overweight and obesity among urban school children and adolescents in Bangladesh: a case-control study. BMC Pediatr. 2013;13:72.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar
Goon S, Shabnam Bipasha M, Islam S. Fast food consumption and obesity risk among university students of Bangladesh. Eur J Prev Med [Internet]. 2014;2(6):99–104. Available from: http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ejpm.Crossref
About the article
Published Online: 2019-05-09
Funding: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Authors’ contribution: MMA designed the study, helped in data collection, performed statistical analysis and drafted the manuscript. AW helped with data collection and drafted the manuscript. MDH and SAN collected and extracted data. MDHH revised the manuscript and provided comments and suggestions. SZ and GUA reviewed the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final version.