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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Prevalence and associated factors for social phobia among school-going adolescents in a rural area of Puducherry, South India

Krishnamoorthy Yuvaraj
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, 605008, India, Phone: +91 9551892665
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Giriyappa Dinesh Kumar
  • Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Shanthosh Priyan
  • Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marimuthu Yamini
  • Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Saya Ganesh Kumar
  • Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Lakshminarayanan Subitha
  • Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-11-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0037

Abstract

Background

The World Health Organisation has reported that mental disorders are one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Social phobia is one such mental disorder that can have significant impact on the livelihood of adults if not detected at an early stage. There have been very few studies done on social phobia among adolescents in South India. Hence, this study was done to determine the prevalence of social phobia and factors associated with it among the school-going adolescents in rural Puducherry.

Methodology

A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 1018 school going adolescents from December 2017 to January 2018 in rural Puducherry. Information on socio-demographic characteristics was collected by a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire and social phobia was assessed using the validated Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN) questionnaire.

Results

Among 1018 participants, 738 (72.5%) belonged to early adolescence (10–13 years); 520 (51.1%) were boys; 557 (54.7%) were studying in a middle class; 931 (91.5%) were Hindus; 978 (96.1%) had siblings.

The prevalence of social phobia among adolescents was found to be 22.9% (95% CI: 20.4–25.5%). The prevalence of mild social phobia was 18% [95% confidence interval (CI): 15.7–20.4%], moderate social phobia was 4% (95% CI: 2.9–5.4%), severe social phobia was 0.7% (95% CI: 0.3–1.3%) and very severe social phobia was 0.2% (95% CI: 0.03–0.64%). Higher age, female gender, lack of counselling services and specialist visits at school were found to be determinants of social phobia.

Conclusion

The current study showed that one in every five adolescents was at risk of developing social phobia. Health education for students, teachers and family members needs to be given to make them aware of the importance of social phobia.

Keywords: adolescent; anxiety; mental health; social phobia

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About the article

Received: 2018-02-12

Accepted: 2018-03-22

Published Online: 2018-11-06


Conflict of interest: None declared.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180037, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0037.

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