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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

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Prevalence of pediculosis and its related factors among primary school girls in the north of Iran

Mahmood Moosazadeh
  • Health Science Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran
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/ Mahdi Afshari / Zohreh Hajheydari
  • Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
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/ Ali charkameh
  • Student Research Committee, School of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
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/ Asghar Nezammahalleh
  • Student Research Committee, School of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
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/ Aliakbar Zerafat / Foroozan Rezaei / Maryam Rankoohi / Nasim Safari / Jalil Shojaei
  • Student Research Committee, School of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
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/ Ahmad Ali Enayati
  • Corresponding author
  • Health Science Research Center, School of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran
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Published Online: 2019-01-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0039



Head lice infestation is one of the main public health problems worldwide and a sanitary, cultural and economic indicator for communities’ health. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of head lice infestation among female primary school children in selected districts of Mazandaran Province, Iran.


In this cross-sectional study, 3033 female school children were recruited using the consensus method. Head lice infestation was defined as visible adult lice, nymph or egg with the naked eye. Data were described by percent frequency and analyzed using the chi-squared test and multivariate logistic regression models. A p-value less than 0.05 was considered significant.


Prevalence of head lice infestation among female school children was estimated at 7.9%. The adjusted odds ratios (OR) [95% confidence intervals (CI)] for rural residents, low level educated mothers, family size more than five and not combing their hair were 1.96 (1.41–2.78), 2.46 (1.35–4.49), 2.04 (1.12–3.70) and 3.94 (1.73–8.96), respectively. In addition, considering first grade students as a reference group, the ORs (95% CI) for second and third grades were 1.89 (1.18–3.05) and 1.69 (1.05–2.74), respectively.


Our study showed that studying in urban schools, low educational level of mothers, grade, family size and no history of regular combing were predictors of head lice infestation.

Keywords: head lice; pediculosis; prevalence


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About the article

Received: 2018-02-14

Accepted: 2018-03-04

Published Online: 2019-01-26

Conflicts of interest: The authors declare they have no conflicts of interest.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180039, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0039.

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