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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Assessment of the WHO Health Promoting Schools Framework among schools in selected villages of rural Puducherry, South India – a mixed method study

Krishnamoorthy Yuvaraj
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry 605008, India, Phone: +91 9551892665
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Dinesh Kumar
  • Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry 605008, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Shanthosh Priyan
  • Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry 605008, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Lakshminarayanan Subitha
  • Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry 605008, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gokhale Tanmay
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry 605008, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Sreenivasan Vaishnavi
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry 605008, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2019-04-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0080

Abstract

Background

The health of children and adolescents can be promoted through schools as they spend most of their time in school. The Health Promoting Schools (HPS) framework provides a set of policies to be followed in schools for improving the health status of school-going children and adolescents. The current study was done to assess this framework among schools in rural Puducherry.

Methods

Key informant interviews were done with the teachers under the six World Health Organisation (WHO) HPS framework domains to develop an observation checklist for the assessment of schools in the study area. After the survey, in-depth interviews were conducted as an approach to explore the existing health promotion activities, facilitating or hindering factors in the implementation of health promotion framework and suggestions for improving the same.

Results

A quantitative survey on nine schools showed that almost all the schools were lacking in domains such as health promotion policy, behaviour counselling and mental and social support. Physical education, facilities and policies for nutrition and community collaboration exist in only some of the schools. Qualitative interviews also showed similar findings and most of the teachers suggested to include training for general health emergencies and behaviour counselling.

Conclusion

The current study showed that most of the schools were lacking in almost all the domains under the HPS framework. Hence, stakeholders at all levels should be made aware of this framework and develop a strategy for uniform implementation of it in all the schools in the region.

Keywords: health promotion; nutrition policy; physical education and training; school health services

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About the article

Received: 2018-04-24

Accepted: 2018-05-10

Published Online: 2019-04-10


Conflict of interest: None declared.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180080, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0080.

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