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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

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Health awareness, lifestyle and dietary behavior of university students in the northeast part of Bangladesh

Mahmuda Mohammad
  • Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh
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/ Muhammad Abdul Baker Chowdhury
  • Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Florida, College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA
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/ Md Nazrul Islam
  • Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh
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/ Arifa Ahmed
  • Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh
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/ Farha Nusrat Zahan
  • Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh
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/ Mst. Farzana Akter
  • Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh
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/ Shamima Naznin Mila
  • Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh
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/ Tania Akhter Tani
  • Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh
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/ Tanjila Akter
  • Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh
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/ Tanjila Islam
  • Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh
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/ Md Jamal UddinORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8360-3274
Published Online: 2018-12-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0105



University students generally face a variety of challenges. During this period of life, they practice some unhealthy eating patterns and lifestyles. Therefore, we aimed to assess the health awareness status of university students from the northeast part of Bangladesh and to evaluate its associated factors.


We conducted a cross-sectional study using a stratified random sampling among public and private university students from the northeast region of Bangladesh and interviewed 1143 students. We used a self-reported questionnaire, including questions related to awareness status, lifestyle practice, dietary habit and socio-demographic factors. To assess students’ health awareness status and its association with their lifestyle practices and socio-demographic factors, we used logistic regression models.


The majority (61%) of the students were not aware of better health status and their dietary habits were not adequate. Smokers [odds ratio (OR): 0.66; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.44, 0.99] were less likely to be aware of better health status. The participants who thought that they were leading a healthy lifestyle were less likely (OR: 0.71; CI: 0.56, 0.92) to be aware. Moreover, frequency of participating in sports and the psychological factors related to eating behaviors were significantly (p < 0.05) associated with health awareness status.


Our study findings may help to create a foundation for possible interventional programs on health awareness and nutritional education to improve the health awareness status and dietary behavior of university students. To prevent students from poor eating habits while feeling happy, effective programs (e.g. seminars, projects and media campaigns) should be held, which may include enhancing healthy and recommended amounts of food consumption.

Keywords: Bangladesh; dietary habits; health awareness; lifestyle practices; university students


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About the article

Received: 2018-05-27

Accepted: 2018-08-19

Published Online: 2018-12-17


Authors’ contributions: MM conducted the analysis, interpreted the findings, and drafted the manuscript. MNI reviewed the manuscript. MABC designed the study, prepared the questionnaire and provided the guidelines in the analysis, reviewed results and the interpretation of the results. AA, FNZ, MFA, SNM, TAT, TA and TI participated in the data collection and data entry and checking. MJU lead the design and implementation of the study, participated in the analysis and drafting of the manuscript, and interpretation of the findings. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

Ethics approval and consent to participate: The Ethical Review Board of Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST) Research Center approved the study with grant number: SUST-03(103). The purpose of the study was explained orally to the participants, and a written consent form was included at the top of the questionnaire with the title “Introduction and consent”. The study participants were assured that the information of the respondents would be confidential and anonymous and would be used only for research purposes. The students filled in the questionnaire after giving consent to participate in the study.

Funding and role of funding source: The study was funded by Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST) Research Center. The funding source had no role in the study design, data collection, data analysis and interpretation, manuscript writing or the decision to submit the paper for publication.

Competing of interest: Authors declares no conflict of interest.

Submission declaration and verification: The work is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. The publication is approved by all authors. It will not be published elsewhere in the same form.

Availability of data and materials: The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are not publicly available since the Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST) Research Center owns the data, however; the data used in this analysis is available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180105, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0105.

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