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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Knowledge, attitude and practice of cigarette smoking among senior secondary school students in Depok, Indonesia

Mochamad Iqbal Nurmansyah
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. HAMKA, Limau II, Kebayoran Baru, 12130 South Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Yuyun Umniyatun
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. HAMKA, 12130 South Jakarta, Indonesia
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Miftahul Jannah
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. HAMKA, 12130 South Jakarta, Indonesia
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Agung Taufiqurrokhman Syiroj
  • Master of Public Health, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Didin Nuruddin Hidayat
  • Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, State Islamic University (UIN) Jakarta, Ciputat, Banten, Indonesia
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Published Online: 2019-03-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0124

Abstract

Background

Smoking behavior is primarily initiated and established during adolescence. Understanding the social context of smoking behavior among young people is required for developing strategies in preventing first tobacco use.

Objective

This study aimed at exploring the determinants of smoking behavior among senior secondary school students in Depok, Indonesia by identifying knowledge regarding smoking-related adverse outcomes, perception and attitude toward smoking behavior and tobacco control policy.

Methods

This study employed a cross-sectional design method. A total of 587 students from six senior secondary schools in Depok, Indonesia participated in this study. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted to determine associations between cigarette smoking and independent variables.

Results

Respondents ranged from 14 to 19 years old students. The proportion of current cigarette smokers were 99 students (17.0%) where the majority of the smokers were male (35.5%). The majority of the students, both smokers and non-smokers, were aware that cigarette smoking causes health problems. The present study found that attitudes that may lead to smoking behavior, in most cases, have been found to be significantly different between smokers and non-smokers. The perception of smoking behavior of smokers and non-smokers, such as smoking makes one more confident, cool, makes it easier to make friends, can relieve stress, symbolizes adulthood and masculinity, was statistically significant to smoking behavior.

Conclusion

The study highlights the importance of changing youths’ image of cigarette smoking than merely educating students regarding the health hazards of smoking when they already possessed a good knowledge about those issues.

Keywords: attitude; cigarette smoking; Indonesia; knowledge; secondary school students

References

About the article

Received: 2018-06-15

Accepted: 2018-08-23

Published Online: 2019-03-26


Competing interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180124, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0124.

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