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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Psychosocial determinants of stress among adolescents in an urban slum in a city of Western Maharashtra: a cross-sectional study

C.S. Aishwarya / Indranil Samanta / Puja Dudeja
Published Online: 2019-05-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0139

Abstract

Introduction

Stress is a major underlying factor in the manifestation of many mental disorders. The prevalence of stress among Indian adolescents varies from 13% to 45%. Hence, the present study was done to assess the psychosocial determinants of stress among adolescents in an urban slum.

Methodology

This was a cross-sectional analytical study (community based) in an urban slum from January to July 17 with a sample of 230 adolescents aged 10–19 years. An Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) tool validated for use in the community was self-administered. Data was analyzed using SPSS 20.0.

Results

The commonest stressors were perceived threat to economic position (84.3%), economic difficulty of meeting expenses for treatment of self/family members (63.5%), upcoming exams (61). The stressors that occurred significantly more often (p < 0.05) in males as compared to females were related to sexual desire, conflicts in love affairs, getting a job/employment issues, exam failure and interpersonal relationships within the family. Stressors that occurred significantly more often (p < 0.05) in females than in males were fear of sexual abuse/assault. Significant correlates of the presence of stress were male gender, nuclear family and low family income (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

The stressors in adolescents in an urban slum are both internal and external. There are gender differentials in type of stressors faced by adolescents.

Keywords: adolescents; mental health; slum; stressors

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About the article

Received: 2018-07-02

Accepted: 2018-08-19

Published Online: 2019-05-24


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180139, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0139.

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