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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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Literature review: nutritional factors influencing academic achievement in school age children

Pattaneeya Prangthip
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Tropical Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand, Phone: +66-235-49100 Ext. 1582, Fax: +66-264-47934
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Yee Mon Soe / Jean Faulan Signar
Published Online: 2019-02-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0142


Background and objective

Adolescence is a transition period involving tremendous physical, psychological and cognitive growth. For appropriate growth of adolescents in these aspects, a correct quantity and quality of nourishment is required, as a lack of such nourishment among adolescents can lead to various degrees of malnutrition, which may have implications on their health as well as their academic achievements.

Materials and methods

This review examines the research topics around factors that influence the nutritional status of adolescent students which can affect their academic performance.


Some of the vital factors include knowledge and attitude about nutrition, eating behaviour, physical activity, socio-economic status of the family, the surrounding environment at school and home, the frequency and timing of meals, nutritional contents and amount of food intake.


Students who consume a balanced diet perform better in exams, show better behaviour as well as attendance at school and get their assigned tasks done more thoroughly compared with those who do not consume a balanced diet.

Keywords: adolescence; nutritional factors; nutritional status; academic achievement


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About the article

Received: 2018-07-04

Accepted: 2018-09-23

Published Online: 2019-02-07

Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180142, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0142.

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