Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print


Will I, Wont I? Factors associated with self-reported prediction of future indulgence in intimate partner violence among adolescents in South India

Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader / Krithikalakshmi Sathiyamoorthy / Kathiresan Jeyashree
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Community Medicine, Velammal Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Madurai, India, Phone: +91-9043114998
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2019-02-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0207



Intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to acts of physical/sexual violence, emotional/psychological abuse and controlling behaviour by a current or former intimate partner. Understanding the attitudes and perspectives of adolescents towards IPV can help in its prevention. The study aimed to assess the knowledge about various domains of IPV and self-reported prediction of perpetrating IPV among adolescents in Madurai city, South India.


Students pursuing engineering, medicine and humanities were recruited conveniently. A structured self-administered questionnaire developed to cater to the objectives was used. After descriptive analysis, a modified Poisson regression with robust variance estimation was used to identify factors associated with one’s self-reported prediction of becoming an IPV perpetrator and adjusted relative risks [0.95 confidence interval (CI)] were calculated. The project was approved by the Institute’s Ethics Committee.


Of the 369 students, 40% were aware of IPV prevalence among women in India. About 85% agreed with societally prescribed gender roles. More males than females found gender roles manifesting as IPV acceptable (p = 0.003). Only 6.8%, more females than males (p = 0.01), believed that no violence is permissible in intimate relationships. About 55% definitely did not foresee themselves becoming IPV perpetrators. Belief in gender roles [odds ratio (OR) = 3.85; 95% CI: 1.26, 11.74] and being a professional course student (2.48; 1.25, 4.91) were significantly associated with foreseeing oneself as an IPV perpetrator.


Knowledge about IPV and its redressal mechanisms among adolescents is poor. A significant proportion of them believe in gender roles and perceive violence within an intimate relationship as acceptable. Positively influencing adolescents’ beliefs in gender roles may help to control IPV and nurture healthier relationships.

Keywords: attitudes and practices; gender role; intimate partner violence; knowledge; Madurai; perpetrator


  • [1]

    World Health Organization. Understanding and addressing violence against women: Intimate partner violence. Geneva: WHO; 2012.Google Scholar

  • [2]

    Patterson DA, Wolf S, Waya A, Van Zile-tamsen C. Impact of stranger violence and intimate partner violence on the grades of American Indian/Alaska native undergraduate college students. CSD Working Paper No. 15-32. St. Louis: Washington University, Center for Social Development, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7936/K7765DW0.Google Scholar

  • [3]

    Garcia-Moreno C, Watts C. Violence against women: an urgent public health priority. Bull WHO. 2011;89:2.Google Scholar

  • [4]

    World Health Organization. Global and regional estimates of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence. Geneva: WHO; 2013.Google Scholar

  • [5]

    Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. National Family Health Survey – 4, India fact sheet. Delhi: Government of India, 2016.Google Scholar

  • [6]

    Whitaker DJ, Haileyesus T, Swahn M, Saltzman LS. Differences in frequency of violence and reported injury between relationships with reciprocal and nonreciprocal intimate partner violence. Am J Public Health. 2007;97:941–7.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [7]

    Kamimura A, Nourian MM, Assasnik N, Rathi N, Franchek-Roa K. The use of physical violence against intimate partners by female college students in India. Violence Gend. 2016;4(1):11–16.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [8]

    International Centre for Research on Women. Nanda P, Gautam A, Verma R, Khanna A, Khan N, et al. Masculinity, intimate partner violence and son preference in India – A study. New Delhi: ICRW; 2014.Google Scholar

  • [9]

    Ajzen I, Fishbein M. The prediction of behavior from attitudinal and normative variables. J Exp Soc Psychol. 1970;6:466–87.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10]

    Unicef. Progress for children: A report card on adolescents. New York; Unicef, 2012.Google Scholar

  • [11]

    Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner. Census of India. New Delhi: Government of India; 2011.Google Scholar

  • [12]

    Das S, Bapat U, Shah More N, Alcock G, Joshi W, Pantvaidya S, et al. Intimate partner violence against women during and after pregnancy: a cross-sectional study in Mumbai slums. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:817.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13]

    Jewkes R. Intimate partner violence: causes and prevention. Lancet. 2002;359:1423–9.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14]

    Martin SL, Moracco KE, Garro J, Tsui AO, Kupper LL, Chase JL, et al. Domestic violence across generations: findings from northern India. Int J Epidemiol. 2002;31:560–72.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [15]

    Nguyen TT, Morinaga Y, Frieze IH, Cheng J, Li M, Doi A, et al. College students’ perceptions of intimate partner violence: A comparative study of Japan, China, and the United States. Int J Confl Violence. 2013;7:261–73.Google Scholar

  • [16]

    Abramsky T, Watts CH, Garcia-Moreno C, Devries K, Kiss L, Ellsberg M, et al. What factors are associated with recent intimate partner violence? findings from the WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:109.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [17]

    International centre for research on women, UNFPA. Violence Against Women in India: A review of trends, patterns and responses. New Delhi: UNFPA; 2004.Google Scholar

  • [18]

    Stephens T, Kamimura A, Yamawaki N, Bhattacharya H, Mo W, Birkholz R. Rape myth acceptance among college students in the United States, Japan, and India. SAGE Open. 2016;6(4). DOI: .CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [19]

    Peitzmeier SM, Kågesten A, Acharya R, Cheng Y, Delany-Moretlwe S, Olumide A, Intimate partner violence perpetration among adolescent males in disadvantaged neighborhoods globally. J Adolesc Health. 2016;59:696–702.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20]

    Rocca CH, Rathod S, Falle T, Pande RP, Krishnan S. Challenging assumptions about women’s empowerment: social and economic resources and domestic violence among young married women in urban South India. Int J Epidemiol. 2009;38:577–85.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [21]

    Ler P, Sivakami M, Monárrez-espino J. Prevalence and factors associated with intimate partner violence among young women aged 15 to 24 years in India: a social-ecological approach. J Interpers Violence. 2017. DOI: .CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [22]

    McHugh MC, Frieze IH. The measurement of gender-role attitudes. Psychol Women Q. 1997;21:1–16.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2018-09-08

Accepted: 2018-10-07

Published Online: 2019-02-01

Funding sources: None.

Conflicts of interest: None.

Contribution of authors SAR: conception and design of study, critical inputs to data analysis, writing the first draft, critically reviewing the draft.KS: design of study, data collection, data entry, reviewing the draft.KJ: conception and design of study, data collection, data entry, data analysis, writing the first draft, critically reviewing the draft, overall coordination and direction of the project.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180207, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0207.

Export Citation

©2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in