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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Will I, Wont I? Factors associated with self-reported prediction of future indulgence in intimate partner violence among adolescents in South India

Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader / Krithikalakshmi Sathiyamoorthy / Kathiresan Jeyashree
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Community Medicine, Velammal Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Madurai, India, Phone: +91-9043114998
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Published Online: 2019-02-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0207

Abstract

Introduction

Intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to acts of physical/sexual violence, emotional/psychological abuse and controlling behaviour by a current or former intimate partner. Understanding the attitudes and perspectives of adolescents towards IPV can help in its prevention. The study aimed to assess the knowledge about various domains of IPV and self-reported prediction of perpetrating IPV among adolescents in Madurai city, South India.

Methods

Students pursuing engineering, medicine and humanities were recruited conveniently. A structured self-administered questionnaire developed to cater to the objectives was used. After descriptive analysis, a modified Poisson regression with robust variance estimation was used to identify factors associated with one’s self-reported prediction of becoming an IPV perpetrator and adjusted relative risks [0.95 confidence interval (CI)] were calculated. The project was approved by the Institute’s Ethics Committee.

Results

Of the 369 students, 40% were aware of IPV prevalence among women in India. About 85% agreed with societally prescribed gender roles. More males than females found gender roles manifesting as IPV acceptable (p = 0.003). Only 6.8%, more females than males (p = 0.01), believed that no violence is permissible in intimate relationships. About 55% definitely did not foresee themselves becoming IPV perpetrators. Belief in gender roles [odds ratio (OR) = 3.85; 95% CI: 1.26, 11.74] and being a professional course student (2.48; 1.25, 4.91) were significantly associated with foreseeing oneself as an IPV perpetrator.

Conclusion

Knowledge about IPV and its redressal mechanisms among adolescents is poor. A significant proportion of them believe in gender roles and perceive violence within an intimate relationship as acceptable. Positively influencing adolescents’ beliefs in gender roles may help to control IPV and nurture healthier relationships.

Keywords: attitudes and practices; gender role; intimate partner violence; knowledge; Madurai; perpetrator

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About the article

Received: 2018-09-08

Accepted: 2018-10-07

Published Online: 2019-02-01


Funding sources: None.

Conflicts of interest: None.

Contribution of authors SAR: conception and design of study, critical inputs to data analysis, writing the first draft, critically reviewing the draft.KS: design of study, data collection, data entry, reviewing the draft.KJ: conception and design of study, data collection, data entry, data analysis, writing the first draft, critically reviewing the draft, overall coordination and direction of the project.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180207, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0207.

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