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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

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Spiritual health: is it a determinant factor for preventing risky behaviors among university students?

Asma Ghonchepour / Mostafa Sohrabi / Zakiyeh Golestani / Fereshteh Biabanaki / Mahlagha Dehghan
  • Corresponding author
  • Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Razi Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Haft-Bagh Highway, Kerman, Iran, Phone: +983431325192, Fax: +983431325218
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Published Online: 2019-04-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0217



The most common high-risk behaviors that have profound and adverse effects on the health of the community take place in the university environment. Nowadays, the necessity of exploring ways to correct and reduce the high-risk behaviors requires identification of its determinant factors. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the correlation between spiritual health and high-risk behaviors among university students in the southeast of Iran in 2017–2018.


This survey was a cross-sectional study. The population was all students studying at three central Universities in Kerman. Eight hundred and four students participated in the survey using a quota sampling method. The research instrument was a demographic questionnaire and the 20-item spiritual well-being Palutzian and Ellison scale and the Iranian Adolescent Riskiness Scale (IARS), which includes 39 items for high-risk behaviors.


The mean total score of high-risk behaviors was 79.16 ± 24.6 which was lower than the median (117). The spiritual health of the majority of subjects (66.7%) was moderate with an average of 90.65 ± 16.64. There was a significant negative correlation between the students’ spiritual health and their high-risk behaviors.


It is necessary and essential to plan and implement spiritual-based interventions to reduce the incidence of high-risk behaviors.

Keywords: high-risk behavior; spiritual health; student


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About the article

Received: 2018-09-18

Accepted: 2018-11-29

Published Online: 2019-04-17

Compliance with ethical standard: The Kerman University of Medical Sciences approved this project (IR.KMU.REC.1396.1798). After approval, permission was issued to the management of the three universities. Some oral information, including the goals and objectives of the study, the confidentiality and anonymity of the data, and that the participants were free to withdraw from the study at any time, were provided by the researcher. Then written consent was taken individually.

Conflict of interest: There is no conflict of interest to be declared.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180217, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0217.

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