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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

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Educational interventions to improve menstrual health: approaches and challenges

Shreya Rastogi
  • Corresponding author
  • Lady Irwin College, Department of Food and Nutrition, Sikandra Road, Mandi House New Delhi, India
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Aparna Khanna / Pulkit Mathur
Published Online: 2019-05-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2019-0024



Inappropriate menstrual care practices result in adverse health consequences among girls. Developing and implementing interventions that minimize these adverse consequences and facilitate development of healthy menstrual behavior are a priority for any nation.


This study aimed at collating, summarizing and reviewing evidence to assess the effectiveness of interventions to improve menstrual health and the challenges faced in doing the same.


A systematic review of studies published in peer-reviewed journals and project reports was conducted. Intervention studies related to menstrual health management conducted from 2007 to 2018 were analyzed. A total of 27 interventions conducted among young girls in different countries were identified and study characteristics and outcomes were reviewed.


Different intervention studies used a variety of methods like lectures, discussions, demonstrations using multiple audio-visual aids and provision of resources like menstrual cups, sanitary pads and washing soap to spread awareness about menstrual hygiene. Most of the interventions reported a positive impact on the awareness and menstrual practices of girls. However, in a few studies no significant change was observed in the attitude regarding regular bathing, practices related to self-medication for dysmenorrhea and socio-cultural taboos.


This review of literature has offered insights into the scope and development of future interventions so that apart from increasing awareness and knowledge on menstrual health issues, sustained behavior change can be brought about among girls to improve their health.

Keywords: adolescent health; behaviour change communication; menstrual hygiene


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About the article

Received: 2019-01-30

Accepted: 2019-03-14

Published Online: 2019-05-28

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20190024, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2019-0024.

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