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International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao

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1542-6580
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A 3D Model of Combustion in Large-Scale Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilers

Karsten Luecke / Ernst-Ulrich Hartge / Joachim Werther
Published Online: 2004-03-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1542-6580.1135

In a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) combustor the reacting solids are locally fed into the combustion chamber. These reactants have to be dispersed across the reactor's cross-sectional area. Since the rate of mixing is limited this leads to a mal-distribution of the reactants and to locally varying reaction conditions. In order to describe the influence of mixing a three-dimensional model of the combustion chamber is suggested. The model is divided into three sub-topics. First, the flow structure in terms of local gas and solids velocities and solids volume concentrations is described. Second, mixing of the solids and the gas phase is quantified by defining dispersion coefficients, and finally the combustion process itself, i.e. the reaction kinetics, is modelled. The model was validated against data from measurements in the large-scale combustor of Chalmers University of Technology in Göteborg/Sweden. Insufficient fuel mixing generated mal-distributions of locally released volatiles, which were the basis for the uneven reactants distribution at steady-state. In the case of two-stage operation, the injected secondary air did not reach immediately the reactor's center but was slowly mixed with the main gas flow. The concentration gradients hardly vanish before the exit of the combustion chamber.

Keywords: circulating fluidized bed; CFB; combustion; gas mixing; solids mixing; model

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Published Online: 2004-03-08


Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1542-6580.1135.

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