International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering
Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao
12 Issues per year
IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.623
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.761
CiteScore 2016: 0.58
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.224
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.297
Characterization of Homogeneity of Bubble Flows in Bubble Columns Using RPT and Fibre Optics
Homogeneous flows of air-water in two bubble columns, 0.130 m and 0.292 m in diameter, were investigated using RPT (radioactive particle tracking) and fibre optics. The homogeneity of bubble flows at U g < 0.04 m/s was revealed not only in the hydrodynamics of the gas/liquid phase but also in the transport phenomena (turbulence intensity ). RPT Lagrangian data derived that turbulence was about 0.15 m/s for the radial direction and 0.26~0.35 m/s for axial direction in the 0.292 m column, 0.05~0.16 m/s for the radial direction and 0.25~0.35 m/s for the axial direction in the 0.13 column. Average bubble diameter was 4~5.3 mm and was almost constant for the radial locations. The result was twice the sizes of the predicted bubble sizes in the CFD modeling. The slip velocity was 0.3 m/s at U g=0.015~0.033m/s as it was assumed in many reactor designs, and only a small variation was found at the radial locations. In flow patterns, stable circulation cells were revealed using velocity vector plots if a single nozzle sparger was used in the 0.13m column, which confirmed Joshis assumptions (Joshi and Sharma, 1979) and Lins assumption (Lin et al., 1996) based on 2-D columns. Using a perforated sparger was helpful to form a stable mean velocity field. Mean bubble diameters and bubble size distribution varied only slightly with radial/axial locations, which was consistent with the homogeneity of radial/axial turbulence. Bubble-size evolution from their formation to equilibrium mean diameter was discussed. Mean bubble size correlation was approached. The homogeneity of investigated flows was also substantiated by the criteria of stability for bubble flows.
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