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International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao

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Hydrodynamic Studies on Three-Phase Combined (Internal & External) Loop Airlift Fluidized Bed Reactor Using Newtonian and non-Newtonian Liquids: Minimum Fluidization Velocity and Liquid Holdup

Sivakumar Venkatachalam
  • 1Kongu Engineering College,
/ Akilamudhan Palaniappan
  • 2Erode Sengunthar Engineering College,
/ Kannan Kandasamy
  • 3Kongu Engineering College,
Published Online: 2011-08-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/1542-6580.2473

A novel combined airlift loop fluidized bed reactor was proposed in this work. The internal and external loops were combined and the hydrodynamic parameters like minimum fluidization velocity and liquid holdup were studied for Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids. Studies were conducted using Newtonian fluids of water, n-butanol, 60% and 80% glycerol and non - Newtonian fluids such as 0.25%, 0.6% and 1.0% Carboxy Methyl Cellulose (CMC) aqueous solutions were employed in the liquid phases. Spheres, Bearl saddle and Raschig ring with different sizes were used as solid phase. The experimental results indicated that the increase in particle size and sphericity increased minimum fluidization velocity whereas increase in superficial gas velocity decreased minimum fluidization velocity. In addition, the liquid holdup increased with increase in particle size and superficial liquid velocity. Furthermore, an increase in superficial gas velocity decreased the liquid holdup for Newtonian and non-Newtonian systems. Two separate correlations were developed to predict the minimum fluidization velocity and liquid holdup based on the experimental results for both Newtonian and non-Newtonian liquids for a wide range of operating conditions. The capability of the proposed correlation for minimum fluidization velocity and liquid holdup was examined and reasonable agreement between predicted and experimental results of Newtonian and non-Newtonian liquids suggested the applicability of the proposed correlations.

Keywords: combined loop airlift fluidized bed reactor; minimum fluidization velocity; liquid holdup

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Published Online: 2011-08-08

Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/1542-6580.2473. Export Citation

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