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International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao

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Fermentation of Groundnut Shell Enzymatic Hydrolysate for Fuel Ethanol Production by Free and Sorghum Stalks Immobilized Cells of Pichia stipitis NCIM 3498

Chandrasekhar Gajula / Anuj Kumar Chandel / Radhika Konakalla / Ravinder Rudravaram / Ravindra Pogaku / Lakshmi Narasu Mangamoori
Published Online: 2011-07-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/1542-6580.2514

Groundnut shell (GS), after separation of pod, is readily available as a potential feedstock for production of fermentable sugars. The substrate was delignified with sodium sulfite. The delignified substrate released 670 mg/g of sugars after enzymatic hydrolysis (50°C, 120 rpm, 50 hrs) using commercial cellulases (Dyadic® Xylanase PLUS, Dyadic Inc. USA). The groundnut shell enzymatic hydrolysate (45.6 g/L reducing sugars) was fermented for ethanol production with free and sorghum stalks immobilized cells of Pichia stipitis NCIM 3498 under submerged cultivation conditions. Immobilization of yeast cells on sorghum stalks were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A maximum of ethanol production (17.83 g/L, yield 0.44 g/g and 20.45 g/L, yield 0.47 g/g) was observed with free and immobilized cells of P. stipitis respectively in batch fermentation conditions. Recycling of immobilized cells showed a stable ethanol production (20.45 g/L, yield 0.47 g/g) up to 5 batches followed by a gradual downfall in subsequent cycles.

Keywords: groundnut shell; enzymatic hydrolysis; sorghum stalks; immobilization; Pichia stipitis; ethanol

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Published Online: 2011-07-15

Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, Volume 9, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/1542-6580.2514.

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