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International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao

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IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.623
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CiteScore 2016: 0.58

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1542-6580
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Augmentation of the Performance of Batch Electrocoagulation Unit by Using Gas Sparging

Ahmed Hassan Elshazly
Published Online: 2011-05-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/1542-6580.2543

The present work investigates the effect of gas sparging in improving the performance of a batch electrocoagulation unit used to treat wastewater generated from the dyeing industry. Monopolar cylindrical aluminum electrodes were used. Many variables were investigated such as superficial gas velocity, current density, initial dye concentration, area ratio (cathode/anode), time of operation and the effect of adding chemical coagulant as FeSO4. The results show that the percentage of dye removal has been increased by a factor ranging from 2.52 to 5.14 by increasing the gas flow rate from 0.4 to 0.8 liter/min respectively and that about 93.5 percent of the dye can be removed within 60 minutes. Also it was found that using gas sparging is more efficient than adding chemical coagulant as ferrous sulfate for the removal of dye from wastewater. The power consumption for the unit was measured for different gas flow rates and different current densities; the results show that lower gas flow rate can improve the economy of the process.

Keywords: gas sparging; electrocoagulation; dye removal; wastewater treatment; decolorization

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Published Online: 2011-05-15


Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/1542-6580.2543.

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