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International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao

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Volume 12, Issue 1

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Volume 1 (2002)

Conversion of Glycerol into Value-Added Products Over Cu–Ni Catalyst Supported on γ-Al2O3 and Activated Carbon

Satyanarayana Murty Pudi
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, Uttarakhand, India, Tel.: (+91)-1332-285820, Fax: (+91)-1332-276535
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/ Tarak Mondal
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, Uttarakhand, India, Tel.: (+91)-1332-285820, Fax: (+91)-1332-276535
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/ Prakash Biswas
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, Uttarakhand, India, Tel.: (+91)-1332-285820, Fax: (+91)-1332-276535
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/ Shalini Biswas / Shishir Sinha
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, Uttarakhand, India, Tel.: (+91)-1332-285820, Fax: (+91)-1332-276535
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Published Online: 2014-02-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2013-0102

Abstract

A series of Cu, Ni monometallic and bimetallic catalysts supported on γ-Al2O3 and activated carbon were synthesized by incipient wetness impregnation method and examined for hydrogenolysis and esterification of glycerol. Hydrogenolysis reaction was carried out in a 250 ml Teflon-coated stainless steel batch reactor at 250°C and 10 bar H2 pressure, whereas esterification of glycerol with acetic acid was carried out at 120°C at atmospheric pressure. The physiochemical properties of the catalysts were investigated by various techniques such as surface area, X-ray diffraction (XRD), NH3-temperature-programmed desorption (TPD). Characterization results dictated that the reduction behavior, acidic nature and the metal support interactions were varied with the support as well as Cu/Ni weight ratio. The XRD results confirmed the formation of mixed oxide Cu0.75Ni0.25 Al2O4 phase in Cu–Ni (3:1)/γ-Al2O3 catalyst. Among the catalysts tested, Cu–Ni bimetallic catalysts showed superior performance as compared to monometallic catalysts in both the reactions. The glycerol hydrogenolysis activity of γ-Al2O3 supported Cu–Ni catalysts was higher than the activated carbon-supported catalysts. 1,2-PDO was obtained as the main hydrogenolysis product independent of the support as well as Cu/Ni weight ratio and its selectivity was in the range of 92.8–98.5%. The acidic nature of γ-Al2O3 and the mixed oxide (Cu0.75Ni0.25Al2O4) phase played an important role for hydrogenolysis activity. Cu–Ni (3:1)/γ-Al2O3 catalyst showed the maximum 1,2-PDO selectivity to 97% with 27% glycerol conversion after a reaction time of 5 h. On the other hand, Cu–Ni(1:3)/C catalyst showed the highest glycerol conversion of 97.4% for esterification and obtained selectivity to monoacetin, diacetin and triacetin were 26.1%, 67.2% and 6.5%, respectively.

Keywords: Cu–Ni catalyst; glycerol; hydrogenation; esterification

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-02-20

Published in Print: 2014-01-01


Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 151–162, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, ISSN (Print) 2194-5748, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2013-0102.

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