Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.059
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.156

CiteScore 2018: 1.04

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.292
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.520

Online
ISSN
1542-6580
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 12, Issue 2

Issues

Volume 9 (2011)

Volume 8 (2010)

Volume 7 (2009)

Volume 6 (2008)

Volume 5 (2007)

Volume 4 (2006)

Volume 3 (2005)

Volume 2 (2004)

Volume 1 (2002)

Water Treatment Combined Chlorine (Monochloramine) Degradation using Direct Photolysis and Homogeneous Photocatalysis (UV/H2O2, UV/NaOCl) with a Medium Pressure (MP) Lamp as a Source of UV

Ala Abdessemed
  • Corresponding author
  • Biotechnology Research Centre, BPE 73, Ali Mendjeli, Nouvelle Ville, 25000 Constantine, Algeria
  • Laboratorie of Science and Technology of the Environment, University Mentouri Constantine, Chaabat Errassas, 25000 Constantine, Algeria
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Kamel E. Djebbar
  • Laboratorie of Science and Technology of the Environment, University Mentouri Constantine, Chaabat Errassas, 25000 Constantine, Algeria
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Amer S. El-Kalliny
  • Products and Process Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
  • Department of Water Pollution Research, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ T. Sehili
  • Laboratorie of Science and Technology of the Environment, University Mentouri Constantine, Chaabat Errassas, 25000 Constantine, Algeria
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Henk Nugteren
  • Products and Process Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Peter W. Appel
  • Products and Process Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-07-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2014-0013

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the use of photochemical systems (photolysis, H2O2/UVMP and NaOCl/UVMP) to deplete monochloramine compound with a medium pressure lamp as an irradiation source (200–600 nm).

First, it was found that the direct photolysis treatment was a suitable method to degrade the given compound and that this degradation was greatly enhanced by H2O2/UVMP. This could be attributed to radical OH produced in great amount by the photolysis of H2O2. However, no big advantages were observed when we used NaOCl/UVMP system. Indeed, this process generated radical OH (but in feeble amount) and also radical Cl (to form chloramins) and leading consequently to a less degradation rate comparatively to that obtained with H2O2/UVMP. This could be explained by a competition between the two species: OH and Cl for the compound. In addition, kinetics data for the three systems were best represented by a pseudo-first-order model and the photodecomposition of NH2Cl has led to the formation of nitrite, nitrate without forming ammonia.

It is essential to mention that OH radicals produced from H2O2/UVMP and NaOCl/UVMP was detected by a photoluminescence (PL) technic using terephthalic acid (TA) as a probe molecule.

Keywords: monochloramine; ultraviolet (UV) light; photolysis; photoluminescence; •OH radical; Cl• radical

References

  • 1.

    Mosteo R, Miguel N, Martin-Muniesa S, Ormad MP, Ovelleiro JL. Evaluation of trihalomethane formation potential in function of oxidation processes used during the drinking water production process. J Hazard Mater 2009;172:661–6.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 2.

    Richardson SD, Plewa MJ, Wagner ED, Schoeny R, DeMarini DM. 2007. Occurrence genotoxicity and carcinogenicity of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products in drinking water: a review and roadmap for research. Mutat Res 636:178–242.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 3.

    Jafvert CT, Valentine RL. Reaction scheme for the chlorination of ammoniacal water. Environ Sci Technol 1992;26:57–86.Google Scholar

  • 4.

    De Laat J, Boudiaf N, Dossier-Berne F. Effect of dissolved oxygen on the photodecomposition of monochloramine and dichloramine in aqueous solution by UV irradiation at 253.7 nm. Water Res 2010;44:1–9.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 5.

    Technical note chloramines. The good & the bad, an evaluation of chloramine treatment for DBP reduction V0308, 2009.Google Scholar

  • 6.

    Ganesh R, Leong L, Tikkane M, Peterka G, Wang LK, Hung YT, et al. Advanced physicochemical treatment processes, chapter 13. In: Wang LK, Hung YT, Shammas NK, editors. Dechlorination handbook of environmental engineering, vol. 4. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2006:441–62.Google Scholar

  • 7.

    Cassan D, Mercier B, Castex F, Rambaud A. Effects of medium-pressure UV lamps radiation on water quality in a chlorinated indoor swimming pool. Chemosphere 2006;62:1507–13.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 8.

    Li J, Blatchley III J. Combined application of UV radiation and chlorine. Implications with respect to Dbp formation and destruction in recreational water applications. In: Conference presented at disinfection: water, wastewater, stormwater, water reuse and biosolids, Pittsburgh, PA, 2007.Google Scholar

  • 9.

    Ormeci B, Ducoste JJ, Linden KJ. UV disinfection of chlorinated water: impact on chlorine concentration and UV delivery. J Water Supply Res Technol AQUA 2005;54:189–99.Google Scholar

  • 10.

    Buxton GV, Subhani MS. Radiation chemistry and photochemistry of oxychlorine ions. II. Photodecomposition of aqueous solutions of hypochlorite ions. Trans Faraday Soc 1972;68:958–69.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 11.

    Nowelle LH, Hoigne J. Photolysis of aqueous chlorine at sunlight and ultraviolet wavelengths – I. Degradation rates. Water Res 1992;26:593–8.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 12.

    Molina MJ, Ishiwata T, Molina LT. Production of oh radical from photolysis of HOCl at 307–309 nm. J Phys Chem 1980;84:821–6.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 13.

    Watts MJ, Linden KG. Chlorine photolysis and subsequent oh radical production during UV treatment of chlorinated water. Water Res 2007;41:2871–8.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 14.

    Cooper WJ, Jones AC, Whitehead RF, Zika RG. Sunlight-induced photochemical decay of oxidants in natural waters: implications in ballast water treatment. Environ Sci Technol 2007;41:3728–33.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 15.

    Feng Y, Smith DW, Bolton JR. Photolysis of aqueous free chlorine species (HOCl and ClO) with 254 nm ultraviolet lamp. J Environ Eng Sci 2007;6:277–84.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 16.

    Thomsen CL, Madsen D, Poulsen JA, Thogersen J, Jensen SJK, Keiding SR. Femtosecond photolysis of aqueous HOCl. J Chem Phys 2001;115:9361–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 17.

    Leung SW, Valentine RL. Chloramine loss andbyproduct formation in chloraminated water, chapter 19. In: Minear RA, Amy GL, editors. Disinfection by-products in water treatment. The chemistry of their formation and control. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1996:363–70.Google Scholar

  • 18.

    Yu J, Wang B. Effect of calcination temperature on morphology and photoelectrochemical properties of anodized titanium dioxide nanotube arrays. Appl Catalysis B Environ 2010;94:295–302.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 19.

    Rosenfeldt EJ, Linden KG. The Roh,uv concept to characterize and the model UV/H2O2 process in natural waters. Environ Sci Technol 2007;41:2548–53.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 20.

    Kuhn HJ, Braslavsky SE, Schmidt R. Chemical actinometry, IUPAC technical report. Pure Appl Chem 2004;76:2105–46.Google Scholar

  • 21.

    Nicole I, De Laat J, Dore M, Duguet JP, Bonnel C. Use of U.V. radiation in water treatment: measurement of photonic flux by hydrogen peroxide actinometry. Water Res 1990;24:157–68.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 22.

    Gray Jr ET, Margerum DW, Huffman RP Chloramine equilibria and the kinetics of disproportionation in aqueous solution. ACS symposium series 82. In: Wang RG, editor. Water contamination and health. Integration of exposure assessment, toxicology and risk assessment. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, 1978.Google Scholar

  • 23.

    Qiang Z, Adams CD. Determination of monochloramineformation rate constants with stopped flow spectrophotometry. Environ Sci Technol 2004;38:1435-44.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 24.

    Bolton JR, Cater SR. Homogeneous photodegradation ofpollutants in contaminated water: an introduction. In: Helz GR, Zepp RG, Crosby DG, editors. Aquatic and surfacephotochemistry. Boca Raton, FL: EEUU, Lewis, 1994:467–90.Google Scholar

  • 25.

    Bircher KG, Lem W, Simms KM, Dussert BW. Combination of UV oxidation with other treatment technologies for remediation of contaminated water. J Adv Oxid Technol 1997;2:435–41.Google Scholar

  • 26.

    Legrini O, Oliveros E, Braun AM. Photochemical processes for water treatment. Chem Rev 1993;93:671–98.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 27.

    Timberlake CF, Bridle P. Isosbestic points in the visible and ultra-violet spectra of three component systems. Spectrochim Acta Part A Mol Spectroscopy 1966;23:313–9.Google Scholar

  • 28.

    Weeks JL, Rabani J. The pulse radiolysis of deaerated carbonate solutions. 1. Transient optical spectrum and mechanism. 2. pK for OH radicals. J Phys Chem 1966;82:138–41.Google Scholar

  • 29.

    Haygarth KS, Marin TW, Janik I, Kanjana K, Stanisky CM, Bartels DM. Carbonate radical formation in radiolysis of sodium carbonate and bicarbonate solutions up to 250°C and the mechanism of its second order decay. J Phys Chem A 2010;114:2142–50.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 30.

    Guozhong Wu YK, Muroya Y, Lin M, Morioka T. Temperaturedependence of carbonate radical in NaHCO3 and Na2Co3solutions: is the radical a single anion. J Phys Chem A 2002;106:2430–7.Google Scholar

  • 31.

    Li ER, Blatchley III J. UV photodecomposition of inorganic chloramines. Environ Sci Technol 2009;43:60–5.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-07-22

Published in Print: 2014-12-01


Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 671–681, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, ISSN (Print) 2194-5748, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2014-0013.

Export Citation

©2014 by De Gruyter.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Mikael Larsson, Ali Yousefi, Sait Elmas, Johan B. Lindén, Thomas Nann, and Magnus Nydén
ACS Omega, 2017, Volume 2, Number 8, Page 4751

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in