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International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.881
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1542-6580
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Volume 16, Issue 10

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Parametric Mathematical Modelling of Cristal Violet Dye Electrochemical Oxidation Using a Flow Electrochemical Reactor with BDD and DSA Anodes in Sulfate Media

Fernando F. Rivera
  • Corresponding author
  • CONACYT-Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico en Electroquímica, Parque Tecnológico Querétaro s/n Sanfandila, Pedro Escobedo, Querétaro, México, C.P. 76703
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/ Francisca A. Rodríguez
  • Departamento de Ingeniería y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Cuautitlán, Av. Primero de Mayo, Cuautitlán Izcalli, Estado de México, México, C.P. 54740
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/ Eligio P. Rivero
  • Departamento de Ingeniería y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Cuautitlán, Av. Primero de Mayo, Cuautitlán Izcalli, Estado de México, México, C.P. 54740
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/ Martín R. Cruz-Díaz
  • Departamento de Ingeniería y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Cuautitlán, Av. Primero de Mayo, Cuautitlán Izcalli, Estado de México, México, C.P. 54740
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Published Online: 2018-01-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-0116

Abstract

An important issue in electrochemical oxidations of pollutant compounds, like organic dyes, is identifying a suitable correlation between operational conditions and electrochemical process performance. In such sense, this work deals with the parametric modelling of direct electrochemical incineration of crystal violet (CV) dye in a FM01-LC flow electrochemical reactor with a plastic spacer configuration using boron doped diamond (BDD) and dimensionally stable (IrO2 and IrO2-SnO2-Sb2O5) anode plates. Mathematical model takes into account the fluid dynamics effects by the use of FM01-LC reactor considering mass transport rate of organic compound (R) from bulk solution to electrode surface, characterized by a dispersion coefficient and Pe number. The effect of strong oxidants produced in the electrode surface can be neglected since the characteristic time constant reaction of pollutants with such oxidants is lower than those describing the diffusion of organic compound to the electrode surface. Model parameters were estimated throughout a fitting method of the experimental data. The model proposed here predicted a 99.7 removal percentage of CV with boron doped diamond and IrO2-SnO2-Sb2O5 anodes obtained experimentally, meanwhile a 79 % removal with the IrO2 anode was reached at Re = 2204 during an electrolysis time of 7200 s for both cases. In the case of IrO2 anodes, complex interactions between hydroxyl-radical and electrode surface provokes an intermediate kinetic process, with an effectiveness factor of 0.59. When BDD and IrO2-SnO2-Sb2O5 anodes were used, the removal process mediated by hydroxyl-radicals absorbed in electrode surface was fully limited by mass transport.

Keywords: dye degradation; direct electrochemical oxidation; parametric mathematical model; FM01-LC reactor; electrochemical reactor engineering

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About the article

Received: 2017-06-28

Revised: 2017-11-14

Accepted: 2018-01-06

Published Online: 2018-01-17


Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, Volume 16, Issue 10, 20170116, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-0116.

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