Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.881
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.908

CiteScore 2017: 0.86

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.306
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.503

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 16, Issue 10


Volume 9 (2011)

Volume 8 (2010)

Volume 7 (2009)

Volume 6 (2008)

Volume 5 (2007)

Volume 4 (2006)

Volume 3 (2005)

Volume 2 (2004)

Volume 1 (2002)

Green Practices with Renewable Distributed Generation Technology in India

Manish Kumar / Cherian Samuel
Published Online: 2018-03-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-0242


In the modern electricity sector, power industries are facing the challenge to meet exponentially growing electricity demand with the constraint of reducing carbon emission. Overcoming these issues, the power sector is getting motivated to use decentralized renewable energy based renewable distributed generation (RDG) technology to meet growing demand and reduce carbon emission to meet the government environmental regulations and social equality. The role of management and small size generating units are playing as the key factor in the adoption of green RDG practices. In this work, authors identified factors influencing power sector to adopt green RDG practices through a survey in Indian power industries. After analysis of survey data, the role of government regulation as the most important factor in choosing environment friendly practices has been identified. A significant relationship has been shown between government regulations and managerial concern for using green RDG practices with apparent stakeholder pressures. Findings show that effect of factors influencing green RDG environmental regulation is significant. This analysis will help in the decision-making process to increase concern over green RDG practices.

Keywords: power industry; renewable distributed generation; environment; green practices


  • Aragón-Correa, J. A., and S. Sharma. 2003. “A Contingent Resource-Based View of Proactive Corporate Environmental Strategy.” Academy of Management Review 28 (1): 71–88.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bhattacharyya, S. C. 2010. “Shaping a Sustainable Energy Future for India: Management Challenges.” Energy Policy 38 (8): 4173–4185.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Boutabba, M. A. 2014. “The Impact of Financial Development, Income, Energy and Trade on Carbon Emissions: Evidence from the Indian Economy.” Economic Modelling 40: 33–41.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Buysse, K., and A. Verbeke. 2003. “Proactive Environmental Strategies: A Stakeholder Management Perspective.” Strategic Management Journal 24 (5): 453–470.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • D’sa, A., and K. N. Murthy. 2006. “Environmental Reform in the Electricity Sector: China and India.” The Journal of Environment and Development 15 (2): 158–183.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Daily News and Analysis. (Jan 25, 2016). Energy Sector Emits 70 % of Country’s Greenhouse Gases. http://www.dnaindia.com/money/report-energy-sector-emits-70-of-country-s-greenhouse-gases-2169900 [accessed 27.June.2017].

  • Delmas, M., and M. W. Toffel. 2004. “Stakeholders and Environmental Management Practices: An Institutional Framework.” Business Strategy and the Environment 13 (4): 209–222.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dicorato, M., G. Forte, and M. Trovato. 2008. “Environmental-Constrained Energy Planning Using Energy-Efficiency and Distributed-Generation Facilities.” Renewable Energy 33 (6): 1297–1313.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Doh, J. P., and T. R. Guay. 2006. “Corporate Social Responsibility, Public Policy, and NGO Activism in Europe and the United States: An Institutional‐Stakeholder Perspective.” Journal of Management Studies 43 (1): 47–73.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • The Economic Times. (May 28, 2014). Ministry of Environment and Forests Undergoes a Nomenclature Change. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/ministry-of-environment-and-forests-undergoes-a-nomenclature-change-government-serious-to-tackle-climate-change/articleshow/35651292.cms?intenttarget=no [accessed 29 July 2017].

  • The Economic Times. (Feb 21, 2015). Efficiency of India’s Coal-Based Power Plants Way below Global Standards: Study. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/energy/power/efficiency-of-indias-coal-based-power-plants-way-below-global-standards-study/articleshow/46324242.cms [accessed 27 July 2017].

  • Eiadat, Y., A. Kelly, F. Roche, and H. Eyadat. 2008. “Green and Competitive? an Empirical Test of the Mediating Role of Environmental Innovation Strategy.” Journal of World Business 43 (2): 131–145.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Fadaeenejad, M., A.M. Saberian, Mohd. Fadaee, M.A.M. Radzi, H. Hizam, and M.Z.A. AbKadir. 2014. “The Present and Future of Smart Power Grid in Developing Countries.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 29: 828–834.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Finger, M., and T. Princen. 2013. Environmental NGOs in World Politics: Linking the Local and the Global. Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Gopakumar, P., M. J. B. Reddy, and D. K. Mohanta. 2014. “Letter to the Editor: Stability Concerns in Smart Grid with Emerging Renewable Energy Technologies.” Electric Power Components and Systems 42 (3–4): 418–425.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Goyal, M., and R. Jha. 2009. “Introduction of Renewable Energy Certificate in the Indian Scenario.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13 (6–7): 1395–1405.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Green, Jr, K., W. Zelbst, P. J. Meacham, and V. S. Bhadauria. 2012. “Green Supply Chain Management Practices: Impact on Performance.” Supply Chain Management: An International Journal 17 (3): 290–305.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Guttikunda, S. K., and P. Jawahar. 2014. “Atmospheric Emissions and Pollution from the Coal-Fired Thermal Power Plants in India.” Atmospheric Environment 9 (2): 449–460.Google Scholar

  • Hambrick, D. C. 1982. “Environmental Scanning and Organizational Strategy.” Strategic Management Journal 3 (2): 159–174.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Harvey, F. (2015). India Unveils Climate Change Plan. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/oct/02/india-pledges-40-percent-electricity-renewables-2030 [accessed 29 06 2017].

  • Hinkin, T. R. 1998. “A Brief Tutorial on the Development of Measures for Use in Survey Questionnaires.” Organizational Research Methods 1 (1): 104–121.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hiremath, R. B., B. Kumar, P. Balachandra, N. H. Ravindranath, and B. N. Raghunandan. 2009. “Decentralised Renewable Energy: Scope, Relevance and Applications in the Indian Context.” Energy for Sustainable Development 13 (1): 4–10.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Jiang, R. J., and P. Bansal. 2003. “Seeing the Need for ISO 14001.” Journal of Management Studies 40 (4): 1047–1067.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kaiser, H. F. 1974. “An Index of Factorial Simplicity.” Psychometrika 39 (1): 31–36.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Karki, S., M. D. Mann, and H. Salehfar. 2008. “Environmental Implications of Renewable Distributed Generation Technologies in Rural Electrification.” Energy Sources, Part B 3 (2): 186–195.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kok, J. K., M. J. J. Scheepers, and I.G. Kamphuis. 2010. “Intelligence in Electricity Networks for Embedding Renewables and Distributed Generation.” Intelligent Infrastructures 42: 179–209.Google Scholar

  • Kumar, A., K. Kumar, N. Kaushik, S. Sharma, and S. Mishra. 2010. “Renewable Energy in India: Current Status and Future Potentials.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14 (8): 2434–2442.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Labis, P. E., R. G. Visande, R. C. Pallugna, and N. D. Caliao. 2011. “The Contribution of Renewable Distributed Generation in Mitigating Carbon Dioxide Emissions.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (9): 4891–4896.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Leach, M., R. Mearns, and I. Scoones. 1999. “Environmental Entitlements: Dynamics and Institutions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management.” World Development 27 (2): 225–247.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE). Introduction. http://mnre.gov.in/mission-and-vision-2/mission-and-vision/ [accessed 29 July 2017].

  • Morrow, D., and D. Rondinelli. 2002. “Adopting Corporate Environmental Management Systems: Motivations and Results of ISO 14001 and EMAS Certification.” European Management Journal 20 (2): 159–171.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Naidu, B. S. K. 1996. “Indian Scenario of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development.” Energy Policy 24 (6): 575–581.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Panwar, N. L., S. C. Kaushik, and S. Kothari. 2011. “Role of Renewable Energy Sources in Environmental Protection: A Review.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (3): 1513–1524.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Paulos, B. 1998. “Green Power in Perspective: Lessons from Green Marketing of Consumer Goods.” The Electricity Journal 11 (1): 46–55.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Plucinska, J. (Oct 02, 2015). India Pledges to Reduce Carbon Emissions 33 %-35 % by 2030. http://time.com/4059051/india-indc-climate-change-carbon-emissions/ [accessed 29 July 2017].

  • Porter, M. E., and C. Van Der Linde. 1995. “Green and Competitive: Ending the Stalemate.” Harvard Business Review 73 (5): 120–134.Google Scholar

  • Potoski, M., and A. Prakash. 2005. “Green Clubs and Voluntary Governance: ISO 14001 and Firms’ Regulatory Compliance.” American Journal of Political Science 49 (2): 235–248.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Qi, G. Y., L. Y. Shen, S. X. Zeng, and O. J. Jorge. 2010. “The Drivers for Contractors’ Green Innovation: An Industry Perspective.” Journal of Cleaner Production 18 (14): 1358–1365.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Randeria, S. 2003. “Glocalization of Law: Environmental Justice, World Bank, NGOs and the Cunning State in India.” Current Sociology 51 (3–4): 305–328.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Salmela, S., and V. Varho. 2006. “Consumers in the Green Electricity Market in Finland.” Energy Policy 34 (18): 3669–3683.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sharma, S. 2000. “Managerial Interpretations and Organizational Context as Predictors of Corporate Choice of Environmental Strategy.” Academy of Management Journal 43 (4): 681–697.Google Scholar

  • Singh, A. 2009. “A Market for Renewable Energy Credits in the Indian Power Sector.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13 (3): 643–652.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Singh, N., S. Jain, and P. Sharma. 2014. “Determinants of Proactive Environmental Management Practices in Indian Firms: An Empirical Study.” Journal of Cleaner Production 66: 469–478.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Statistics Related to Climate Change –India. (2015). http://www.mospi.gov.in/sites/default/files/publication_reports/climateChangeStat2015.pdf [accessed 27 June 2017].

  • Stern, D. I., M. S. Common, and E. B. Barbier. 1996. “Economic Growth and Environmental Degradation: The Environmental Kuznets Curve and Sustainable Development.” World Development 24 (7): 1151–1160.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Stuligross, D. 1999. “The Political Economy of Environmental Regulation in India.” Pacific Affairs 72 (3): 392–406.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Walker, G. 2008. “What are the Barriers and Incentives for Community-Owned Means of Energy Production and Use?.” Energy Policy 36 (12): 4401–4405.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wee, H. M., W. H. Yang, C. W. Chou, and M. V. Padilan. 2012. “Renewable Energy Supply Chains, Performance, Application Barriers, and Strategies for Further Development.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16 (8): 5451–5465.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wiser, R. H. 1998. “Green Power Marketing: Increasing Customer Demand for Renewable Energy.” Utilities Policy 7 (2): 107–119.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wolsink, M. 2012. “The Research Agenda on Social Acceptance of Distributed Generation in Smart Grids: Renewable as Common Pool Resources.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16 (1): 822–835.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Zarnikau, J. 2003. “Consumer Demand for ‘Green Power’and Energy Efficiency.” Energy Policy 31 (15): 1661–1672.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Zeng, B., J. Zhang, X. Yang, J. Wang, J. Dong, and Y. Zhang. 2014. “Integrated Planning for Transition to Low-Carbon Distribution System with Renewable Energy Generation and Demand Response.” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 29 (3): 1153–1165.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Zhou, K., S. Yang, Z. Chen, and S. Ding. 2014. “Optimal Load Distribution Model of Microgrid in the Smart Grid Environment.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 35: 304–310.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-12-12

Revised: 2018-03-16

Accepted: 2018-03-19

Published Online: 2018-03-28

Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, Volume 16, Issue 10, 20170242, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-0242.

Export Citation

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in