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International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao


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1542-6580
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Volume 16, Issue 2

Issues

Volume 9 (2011)

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Volume 1 (2002)

Preparation of Activated Carbons from Walnut Shell by Fast Activation with H3PO4: Influence of Fluidization of Particles

Xinyuan Gao
  • College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China
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/ Long Wu
  • College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China
  • Tianjin Key Laboratory of Integrated Design and On-line Monitoring for Light Industry & Food Machinery and Equipment, Tianjin 300222, China
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/ Wenjie Wan
  • College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China
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/ Qing Xu
  • College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China
  • Tianjin Key Laboratory of Integrated Design and On-line Monitoring for Light Industry & Food Machinery and Equipment, Tianjin 300222, China
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/ Zhanyong Li
  • Corresponding author
  • College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China
  • Tianjin Key Laboratory of Integrated Design and On-line Monitoring for Light Industry & Food Machinery and Equipment, Tianjin 300222, China
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Published Online: 2017-09-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-0074

Abstract

Activated carbons were produced from walnut shell by fast activation with H3PO4 in a spouted bed, and the influence of particles fluidization had been investigated. Experimental results showed that walnut shell particles with higher H3PO4 impregnation ratios would be agglomerated in spouted bed, and difficult to fluidize. Therefore, an amount of quartz sands were added to assist fluidization of H3PO4 impregnated walnut shell particles. The BET surface area of activated carbon prepared under fluidization would be obviously increased with H3PO4 impregnation ratio, reaching 1549.6 m2/g for the mass ratio of H3PO4 to walnut shell particles of 2 and activation temperature of 700°C. Meanwhile, both of the micro- and meso- pore volumes were increased. In addition, fluidization of particles had very little influence on activated carbon surface functional groups forming. It was found that the activated carbons contained more carbonyl groups (C = O), carboxyl groups (COOH) and some P-containing functional group.

Keywords: walnut shell; fluidization; activated carbon; BET surface area; functional groups

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About the article

Received: 2017-05-05

Accepted: 2017-09-06

Published Online: 2017-09-19


Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, Volume 16, Issue 2, 20170074, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-0074.

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