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International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao

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Volume 16, Issue 5


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Cationic Surfactant-modified Clay as an Adsorbent for the Removal of Synthetic Dyes from Aqueous Solutions

Hamed Biglari
  • Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
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/ Susana RodríguezíCouto
  • Water and Health Division, Ceit-IK4, Paseo Manuel de Lardizábal 15, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
  • Basque Foundation for Science, IKERBASQUE, Díaz de Haro 3, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
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/ Yusef Omidi Khaniabadi
  • Department of Environmental Health, Health Care System of Karoon, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
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/ Heshmatollah Nourmoradi
  • Biotechnology and Medical Plants Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
  • Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
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/ Mohammad Khoshgoftar / Abdeltif Amrane
  • Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, CNRS, UMR 6226, 11 allée de Beaulieu, CS 50837, 35708 Rennes Cedex 7, France
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/ Mehdi Vosoughi
  • Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
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/ Shirin Esmaeili
  • Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
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/ Rouhollah Heydari
  • Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box, 68149-89468 Khorramabad, Iran
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/ Mohammad Javad Mohammadi / Rajab Rashidi
  • Corresponding author
  • Nutrition Health Research Center, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health and Nutrition, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
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Published Online: 2018-01-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-0064


In this study, the potential of hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide modified montmorillonite (HDTMA-Mt) to remove the synthetic dyes Alizarin Red S (ARS) and Bromocresol Green (BCG) from aqueous media was assessed. The effect of different factors including surfactant loading rate onto the clay, contact time, pH, adsorbent dosage and dye concentrations, on the removal of ARS and BCG in batch systems were investigated. The adsorbent was characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffractometry (XRD). The equilibrium time for ARS and BCG was reached at 40 and 20 min, respectively, under optimized conditions (i.e. pH = 3, adsorbent dosage=1 g/L, surfactant loading rate onto the clay 70% of the cation exchange capacity (CEC) for ARS and 120% of the CEC for BCG, ARS concentration 50 mg/L and BCG concentration 500 mg/L). The adsorption rate of both dyes fitted the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the equilibrium data was described by the Freundlich isotherm equation. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities were equal to 666.6 and 1250 mg/g for ARS and BCG, respectively. Therefore, the HDTMA-Mt can be considered as an effective adsorbent for the removal of ARS and BCG from aqueous solutions.

Keywords: adsorption; montmorillonite; Alizarin Red S; Bromocresol Green


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About the article

Received: 2017-04-25

Accepted: 2018-01-05

Revised: 2017-11-22

Published Online: 2018-01-26

Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, Volume 16, Issue 5, 20170064, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-0064.

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