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International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Ed. by de Lasa, Hugo / Xu, Charles Chunbao


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Volume 17, Issue 11

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Volume 18 (2020)

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Catalytic Synthesis of Monoglycerides by Glycerolysis of Triglycerides

Mariana Soledad Alvarez Serafini
  • Corresponding author
  • Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Universidad Nacional del Sur (UNS), Bahía Blanca, Argentina
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química – PLAPIQUI (UNS-CONICET), Bahía Blanca, Argentina
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gabriela Marta Tonetto
  • Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Universidad Nacional del Sur (UNS), Bahía Blanca, Argentina
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química – PLAPIQUI (UNS-CONICET), Bahía Blanca, Argentina
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Published Online: 2019-09-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2019-0056

Abstract

The synthesis of monoglycerides by the transesterification of triglycerides with glycerol was studied using zinc glycerolate as a heterogeneous catalyst.

The effect of the operating variables on the triglyceride conversion and monoglyceride yield was evaluated. The maximum values of triglyceride conversion and monoglyceride yield reached at 2-hour reaction time were 83 and 49 %, respectively. These values were obtained at 240 °C with 3 % catalyst loading and glycerol/oil molar ratio of 6. When the molar ratio of the reactants was increased, the triglyceride conversion and monoglyceride yield achieved an optimum value. This behavior was related with a competitive adsorption of the reagents.

It was possible to reuse the catalyst without significant changes in activity.

Keywords: glycerolysis; zinc glycerolate; glycerol; monoglyceride

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About the article

Received: 2019-03-21

Accepted: 2019-07-27

Revised: 2019-07-15

Published Online: 2019-09-05


Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, Volume 17, Issue 11, 20190056, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2019-0056.

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