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International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

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Adsorption of CO2 onto Activated Carbons Prepared by Chemical Activation with Metallic Salts

Sergio Acevedo
  • Department of Chemistry, School of Science, National University of Colombia, Cra 30 No 45-03, Bogotá D.C, Colombia
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/ Liliana Giraldo
  • Department of Chemistry, School of Science, National University of Colombia, Cra 30 No 45-03, Bogotá D.C, Colombia
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/ Juan C. Moreno-Piraján
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  • Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, University of the Andes, Cra. 1ª No. 18A-10, Bogotá D.C., Colombia
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Published Online: 2018-10-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-0198

Abstract

This article has been retracted due to honest error by the author. For further information, please see https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-9198.

Activated carbons are obtained by chemical activation of African Palm shells (Elaeis guineensis) with different impregnating agents, i. e. magnesium chloride (MgCl2) and calcium chloride (CaCl2) aqueous solutions at different concentrations (3, 5 and 7 % w/v) and temperatures (between 773 and 1073 K), in order to assess their influence on the development of the porosity. The activated carbons prepared are characterized in terms of both textural and chemical properties. The activated carbons have a surface area and a pore volume ranging between 19–501 m2.g−1 and 0.03–0.29 cm3.g−1, respectively. Based on the obtained results, the samples with higher surface area and pore volume (i. e. those impregnated with MgCl2 and CaCl2 solutions and thermally treated at 1073 K) are selected to evaluate the adsorption capacity and affinity for CO2.

CO2 adsorption capacity varies between 1.78 and 2.95 mmolCO2.g−1 at 273 K and low pressure, and the activated carbon impregnated with the solution of MgCl2 3 % and activated at 1073 K (i. e. ACMg3-1073) showed the best performances. Finally, the kinetic results show that adsorption rate for sample ACMg3-1073 is enhanced by its micro-mesoporous nature, being the access routes to the micropores larger.

Keywords: MgCl2 activation; CaCl2 activation; CO2 adsorption; activated carbon; African Palm shells

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About the article

Received: 2017-10-21

Accepted: 2018-09-16

Revised: 2018-05-23

Published Online: 2018-10-05


Citation Information: International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, 20170198, ISSN (Online) 1542-6580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2017-0198.

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