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International Journal on Disability and Human Development

Official journal of the the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board Member: Brooks, Tony / Carmeli, BPT, Eliezer / Caron, MPH, Rosemary M. / Davidson, Philip W / Galil, Ahron / Heller, Tamar / Huff, Marlene B. / Janicki, Matthew P. / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Lindström, Bengt / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / Postolache, Teodor T. / Prasher, Vee / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Stratakis, Constantine A

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.25

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.179
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.234

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Volume 13, Issue 2 (May 2014)


How to plot growth curves based on SPSS output? Illustrations based on a study on adolescent development

Cecilia M.S. Ma
  • Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Daniel T.L. Shek
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Department of Applied Social Sciences, Public Policy Research Institute, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau, Macau, P.R. China
  • Department of Social Work, East China Normal University, P.R. China
  • Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Kentucky Children’s Hospital, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-04-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0304


Individual growth curve (IGC) analyses are often used to examine growth curves of participants under different conditions, such as differences in the growth trajectories in an experimental group and a control group. Although researchers can use Linear Mixed Models (LMM) in SPSS to conduct IGC analyses, growth curves are not automatically generated from SPSS output, and researchers have to plot growth curves based on the information derived from the SPSS output. To facilitate the plotting of individual growth curves to aid the interpretation of LMM results, an EXCEL program was written by the researchers. Examples and step-by-step illustrations are presented in the paper regarding how to use this EXCEL program to plot growth curves based on the SPSS output.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: human development; individual growth curve modeling; linear mixed methods; SPSS


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About the article

Corresponding author: Professor Daniel T.L. Shek, PhD, FHKPS, BBS, JP, Chair Professor of Applied Social Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Room HJ407, Core H, Hunghom, Hong Kong, P.R. China, E-mail:

Received: 2013-01-01

Accepted: 2013-02-04

Published Online: 2014-04-17

Published in Print: 2014-05-01

Citation Information: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, ISSN (Online) 2191-0367, ISSN (Print) 2191-1231, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0304.

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©2014 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

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