Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal on Disability and Human Development

Official journal of the the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board Member: Brooks, Tony / Carmeli, BPT, Eliezer / Caron, MPH, Rosemary M. / Davidson, Philip W / Galil, Ahron / Heller, Tamar / Huff, Marlene B. / Janicki, Matthew P. / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Lindström, Bengt / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / Postolache, Teodor T. / Prasher, Vee / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Stratakis, Constantine A

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.25

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.179
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.234

Online
ISSN
2191-0367
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 13, Issue 2 (May 2014)

Issues

Testing factorial invariance across groups: an illustration using AMOS

Lu Yu
  • Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Daniel T.L. Shek
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Centre for Innovative Programmes for Adolescents and Families, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau, Macau, P.R. China
  • Department of Social Work, East China Normal University, Shanghai, P.R. China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-04-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0306

Abstract

One pre-condition to use scale or subscale scores of an instrument to compare different groups on a specific construct is the establishment of factorial invariance (i.e., factor structure is the same across groups). Despite its importance, testing for factorial invariance across groups has been rarely conducted in human development research. In this paper, we describe the importance of conducting factorial invariance tests as well as the related basic theoretical and methodological issues. We then illustrate the process of testing factorial invariance across independent groups using AMOS 17.0. In the demonstration, we examine the factorial invariance of a subjective outcome evaluation form (Form B), designed to be a three-factor structure, in three groups of potential program implementers in Hong Kong (n=2007). As evidenced by the multigroup factorial invariance found in this study, the three-factor model of Form B was cross-validated across different groups of program implementers.

Keywords: AMOS; Chinese; confirmatory factor analysis; factorial invariance

References

  • 1.

    Chen FF, Sousa KH, West SG. Testing measurement invariance of second order factor models. Struct Equ Modeling 2005;12:471–92.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 2.

    Meredith W. Measurement invariance, factor analysis and factorial invariance. Psychometrika 1993;58:525–43.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 3.

    Gregorich S. Do self report instruments allow meaningful comparisons across diverse population groups? Testing measurement invariance using the confirmatory factor analysis framework. Med Care 2006;44:S78–94.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 4.

    Byrne BM. Structural equation modeling with AMOS: basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2001.Google Scholar

  • 5.

    Cheung GW, Rensvold RB. Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Struct Equ Modeling 2002;9: 233–55.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 6.

    Jöreskog KG, Sörbom D. LISREL 8: Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1993.Google Scholar

  • 7.

    Bagozzi RP, Edwards JR. A general approach for representing constructs in organizational research. Organ Res Met 1998;1:45–87.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 8.

    Bollen KA. Structural equations with latent variables. New York: John Wiley, 1989.Google Scholar

  • 9.

    Vandenberg RJ, Lance CE. A review and synthesis of the measurement invariance literature: suggestions, practices, and recommendations for organizational research. Organ Res Met 2000;3:4–70.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 10.

    Jöreskog KG. A general method for analysis of covariance structures. Biometrika 1970;57:239–51.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 11.

    Shek DT, Yu L. Confirmatory factor analysis using AMOS: a demonstration. Int J Disabil Human Dev, in press.Google Scholar

  • 12.

    Shek DT, Yu L. Longitudinal impact of the Project P.A.T.H.S. on adolescent risk behavior: what happened after five years? ScientificWorldJournal 2012, ArticleID 316029, 13 pages. DOI: 10.1100/2012/316029.Google Scholar

  • 13.

    Shek DT, Sun RC. Participants’ evaluation of the Project P.A.T.H.S.: are findings based on different datasets consistent? ScientificWorldJournal 2012, ArticleID 187450, 9 pages. DOI: 10.1100/2012/187450.Google Scholar

  • 14.

    Shek DT, Ma CM. Program implementers’ evaluation of the Project P.A.T.H.S.: findings based on different datasets over time. ScientificWorldJournal 2012, ArticleID 918437, 10 pages. DOI: 10.1100/2012/918437.Google Scholar

  • 15.

    Shek DT, Sun RC. Epilogue: the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong-lessons learned and implications for positive youth development programs. ScientificWorldJournal 2012, ArticleID 687536, 6 pages. DOI: 10.1100/2012/687536.Google Scholar

  • 16.

    Floyd FJ, Widaman KF. Factor analysis in the development and refinement of clinical assessment instruments. Psychol Assess 1995;7:286–99.Google Scholar

  • 17.

    Wu AD, Zumbo BD. Decoding the meaning of factorial invariance and updating the practice of multi-group confirmatory factor analysis: a demonstration with TIMSS data. Prac Assess Res Eval 2007;12:1–26.Google Scholar

About the article

Corresponding author: Professor Daniel T.L. Shek, PhD, FHKPS, BBS, SBS, JP, Associate Vice President (Undergraduate Programme) and Chair Professor of Applied Social Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Room HJ407, Core H, Hunghom, Hong Kong, P.R. China, E-mail:


Received: 2013-01-03

Accepted: 2013-02-08

Published Online: 2014-04-12

Published in Print: 2014-05-01


Citation Information: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, ISSN (Online) 2191-0367, ISSN (Print) 2191-1231, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0306.

Export Citation

©2014 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Justine J. Reel, Nick Galli, Maya Miyairi, Dana Voelker, and Christy Greenleaf
Eating Behaviors, 2016, Volume 22, Page 129

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in