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International Journal on Disability and Human Development

Official journal of the the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel

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Volume 13, Issue 2


Using structural equation modeling to examine consumption of pornographic materials in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong

Daniel T.L. Shek
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Centre for Innovative Programmes for Adolescents and Families, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Department of Social Work, East China Normal University, Shanghai, P.R. China
  • Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau, Macau, P.R. China
  • Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Kentucky Children’s Hospital, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Cecilia M.S. Ma
  • Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-04-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0309


In human developmental research, researchers always look at the effects of predictors on criterion variables, such as the influence of family on adolescent developmental outcomes. In more complex models, intervening variables such as mediators and moderators are also intrinsic to predictive relationships. Although such relationships can be examined by traditional multiple regression analyses using the ordinary least square approach, there are many limitations associated with such analyses. Alternatively, structural equation modeling represents a more powerful approach that can enable researchers to look at the relationships among three or more predictor, intervening, and criterion variables. In this paper, the influence of perceived family functioning (predictor variable) on adolescent consumption of pornographic materials (criterion variable) via positive youth development (intervening variable) was examined via LISREL in a study conducted in the context of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: mediating effect; path analysis; pornography consumption; positive youth development; structural equation modeling


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About the article

Corresponding author: Professor Daniel T.L. Shek, PhD, FHKPS, BBS, JP, Chair Professor of Applied Social Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Room HJ407, Core H, Hunghom, Hong Kong, P.R. China, E-mail:

Received: 2013-01-02

Accepted: 2013-02-09

Published Online: 2014-04-17

Published in Print: 2014-05-01

Citation Information: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 239–245, ISSN (Online) 2191-0367, ISSN (Print) 2191-1231, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0309.

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