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International Journal on Disability and Human Development

Official journal of the the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel

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Volume 13, Issue 2


The Chinese Adolescent Materialism Scale: psychometric properties and normative profiles

Daniel T.L. Shek
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Centre for Innovative Programmes for Adolescents and Families, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
  • Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau, Macau, P.R. China
  • Department of Social Work, East China Normal University, P.R. China
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/ Cecilia M.S. Ma
  • Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
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/ Li Lin
  • Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China
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Published Online: 2014-04-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0314


Although a preoccupation with material possessions is a growing concern in Chinese adolescents, there is a lack of validated measures of adolescent materialism in different Chinese contexts. Based on a thorough literature review, the Chinese Adolescent Materialism Scale (CAMS) was developed and administered in 1658 Chinese secondary school students. Results showed that the CAMS was internally consistent. Factor analyses showed that three factors were intrinsic to the scale. Consistent with expectations, the CAMS scores were significantly related to measures of morality, egocentrism, spirituality, and empathy. Analyses of responses to the CAMS items revealed that a significant proportion of respondents displayed materialistic beliefs.

Keywords: Chinese adolescents; factor structure; materialism; psychometric properties; reliability; validity


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About the article

Corresponding author: Professor Daniel T.L. Shek, PhD, FHKPS, SBS, JP, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Room HJ407, Core H, Hunghom, Hong Kong, P.R. China, E-mail: ; and Centre for Innovative Programmes for Adolescents and Families, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P.R. China; Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau, Macau, P.R. China; Department of Social Work, East China Normal University, P.R. China

Received: 2013-01-24

Accepted: 2013-03-07

Published Online: 2014-04-12

Published in Print: 2014-05-01

Citation Information: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 285–295, ISSN (Online) 2191-0367, ISSN (Print) 2191-1231, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0314.

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