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International Journal on Disability and Human Development

Official journal of the the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board Member: Brooks, Tony / Carmeli, BPT, Eliezer / Caron, MPH, Rosemary M. / Davidson, Philip W / Galil, Ahron / Heller, Tamar / Huff, Marlene B. / Janicki, Matthew P. / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Lindström, Bengt / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / Postolache, Teodor T. / Prasher, Vee / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Stratakis, Constantine A

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.25

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.179
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.234

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Volume 13, Issue 3 (Sep 2014)


Augmented reality improves myoelectric prosthesis training

Fraser Anderson
  • Corresponding author
  • Advanced Man Machine Interface Lab, Department of Computing Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Walter F. Bischof
  • Advanced Man Machine Interface Lab, Department of Computing Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-08-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0327


This paper presents the ARM Trainer, a new augmented reality-based system that can be used to train amputees in the use of myoelectric prostheses. The ARM Trainer provides users with a natural and intuitive method to develop the muscles used to control a myoelectric prosthetic. In addition to improving the training process, the new interface has the potential to mitigate psychological issues arising from amputation that are not addressed by existing approaches (e.g., self-image, phantom limb pain). We conducted an empirical study comparing our system to an existing commercial solution (Myoboy) and found the ARM Trainer to be superior along a number of subjective dimensions (enjoyment, perceived effort, competency, and pressure). We also found no significant difference in terms of muscle control development between the two systems. This study shows the potential of augmented reality-based training systems for myoelectric prostheses.

Keywords: amputee; augmented reality; myoelectric; prosthesis; training


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About the article

Corresponding author: Fraser Anderson, Advanced Man Machine Interface Lab, Department of Computing Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, E-mail:

Received: 2013-05-08

Accepted: 2013-08-27

Published Online: 2014-08-07

Published in Print: 2014-09-01

Citation Information: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, ISSN (Online) 2191-0367, ISSN (Print) 2191-1231, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0327.

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