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International Journal on Disability and Human Development

Official journal of the the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel

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Volume 14, Issue 1


Sense of coherence and WHOQoL among parents of children with ASD in Malaysia

Poh-Chua Siah
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Arts and Social Science, Department of Psychology and Counseling, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Jalan Universiti, Bandar Barat, 31900 Kampar, Perak, Malaysia
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  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Siew-Huei Tan
Published Online: 2014-10-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2013-0039


Background: Studies have shown that most parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) face more stress and have a poorer quality of life (QoL) than other parents. Nonetheless, there are still some parents of children with ASD who are able to maintain or even improve their QoL. This study is aimed to explore the relationship between SoC and WHOQoL among parents of children with ASD.

Method: A total of 96 parents of children with ASD were invited to participate using a purposive sampling method.

Results: The results suggested that participants in the high SoC group had better QoL in the four domains than those in the low SoC group. More importantly, not all types of SoC were relevant to QoL. Comprehensibility was relevant to all the four QoL domains and manageability was relevant to physical and psychological health, while meaningfulness was not relevant to any of the QoL domains.

Conclusions: NGOs may improve the QoL of these parents by providing trainings to improve their SOC, especially in comprehensibility and manageability.

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder (ASD); parents; SoC; WHOQoL


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About the article

Corresponding author: Dr. Poh-Chua Siah, Faculty of Arts and Social Science, Department of Psychology and Counseling, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Jalan Universiti, Bandar Barat, 31900 Kampar, Perak, Malaysia, E-mail:

Received: 2013-09-30

Accepted: 2013-11-24

Published Online: 2014-10-24

Published in Print: 2015-02-01

Citation Information: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 59–66, ISSN (Online) 2191-0367, ISSN (Print) 2191-1231, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijdhd-2013-0039.

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