International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems
Editor-in-Chief: Sidhu, Tarlochan
Ed. by Khaparde, S A / Rosolowski, Eugeniusz / Saha, Tapan K / Gao, Fei
CiteScore 2018: 0.86
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.220
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.430
Forecasting of Short-Term Electric Load Using Application of Wavelets with Feed-Forward Neural Networks
An accurate and efficient Short-Term Load Forecasting (STLF) plays a vital role for economic operational planning of both regulated and restructured power systems. This paper presents the STLF models by introducing wavelet transforms, in different ways, with feed-forward Neural Networks (NNs). First, a wavelet-based NN is modeled, where the forecasting has been accomplished in three-stages and the wavelet technique is employed to decompose/reconstruct the original signals and non-linearity of the decomposed signals. Second, an Adaptive Wavelet Neural Network (AWNN) is modeled, which is a new class of NN with continuous wavelet function as the hidden layer node's activation function. Unlike the first model, AWNN does not externally decompose/ reconstruct the original signals and, therefore, this model deals with the problem related to loss of high frequency information that might occur in the wavelet-based NN model. AWNN continuously updates the wavelet parameters (translation and dilation) and layer weights through a back-propagation training algorithm as in classical NNs. The performances of these two models are compared with Multi-Layer Perceptron NN (MLPNN) with the application of day-ahead and hour-ahead load forecasting in the California electricity market. The results are also compared with California Independent System Operator (CAISO)'s forecasted system loads. It is found that due to faster and accurate training capability, AWNN outperforms the MLPNN, wavelet-based NN and CAISO load forecasts.