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International Journal of Health Professions

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Qualitative studies investigating the effectiveness of stroke rehabilitation - methodological approaches and perspectives / Qualitative Studien zur Wirkung therapeutischer Interventionen – methodische Zugänge und Perspektiven am Beispiel Schlaganfallrehabilitation

Hilke Hansen
  • Corresponding author
  • Hochschule Osnabrück, Fakultät Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Caprivistrasse 30a, Osnabrück, 49076 GERMANY
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Published Online: 2014-12-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ijhp-2014-0005

Abstract

The article focuses on topics, approaches, and methodological perspectives of qualitative intervention research developing within an experimental science-oriented research environment. Recent stroke rehabilitation studies from physical, occupational and speechlanguage therapy and nursing sciences predominantly utilize qualitative content summary, largely without reference to established qualitative research approaches. A majority of these studies is characterized by inventories of topics covered by research participants in interviews and focus groups. Based on existing typologies of qualitative findings, opportunities for developing the complexity and explanatory power of qualitative intervention research are discussed. A more thorough methodological foundation and quality control are important tasks for future development.

Abstract

Im Mittelpunkt des vorliegenden Beitrags stehen thematische Schwerpunkte, methodische Zugänge und Entwicklungspotentiale qualitativer Wirkungsforschung, die sich im Kontext einer experimentell-naturwissenschaftlich dominierten Interventionsforschung entwickelt. Eine Analyse ausgewählter aktueller Studien zur Wirkung physio-, ergo- und sprachtherapeutischer sowie pflegerischer Interventionen der Schlaganfallrehabilitation verdeutlicht die Dominanz des Studienformats einer auflistenden qualitativen Inhaltszusammenfassung. Qualitative Interventionsstudien dieses Formats werden weitgehend ohne Bezugnahme auf etablierte qualitative Forschungstraditionen realisiert. Sie sind durch eine fallübergreifende Auflistung von Interviewaussagen zu ausgewählten Themenbereichen gekennzeichnet. Basierend auf in den Pflegewissenschaften entstandenen Typologien der Ergebnisse qualitativer Studien, werden Potentiale zur Weiterentwicklung der Komplexität und interpretativen Erklärungskraft qualitativer Interventionsforschung vorgestellt. Ihre methodologische Fundierung und Qualitätssicherung werden als zentrale Entwicklungsaufgaben diskutiert.

Keywords : Qualitative Research; qualitative evaluation studies; evidence-based practice; typology of findings; quality criteria; stroke rehabilitation

Keywords : Qualitative Interventionsforschung; Qualitative Evaluation; Evidenzbasierte Praxis; Ergebnistypologie; Qualitätskriterien; Schlaganfallrehabilitation

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About the article

Received: 2014-04-15

Accepted: 2014-08-27

Published Online: 2014-12-30

Published in Print: 2014-12-01


Citation Information: International Journal of Health Professions, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 20–33, ISSN (Online) 2296-990X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ijhp-2014-0005.

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