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International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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Predictors of Inactivity in the Working-Age Population
- Department of Preventive Medicine, Chair of Socialized and Preventive Medicine
- Department of Sports Medicine, Chair of Socialized and Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland
Predictors of Inactivity in the Working-Age Population
Objectives: Burden of diseases attributable to low physical activity is increasing worldwide mainly among working age populations. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between selected (including demographic and socioeconomic) factors and leisure-time physical activity. Materials and Methods: The study was performed in the randomly selected group of 450 men and 502 women in the working age. Logistic regression models were applied to assess factors related to physical activity limitations. Physical activity was determined by the physical activity questionnaire. Results: Over 55% of the study participants were inactive, 34.1% were insufficiently active, and only 10.6% of the subjects achieved the level of physical activity recommended by experts in health promotion. Significant differences in physical activity behaviors across age, education, income levels, and marital status were found in the study participants. Unhealthy weight and smoking habit also formed certain barriers to exercise in both men and women. Conclusions: Low number of physically active working-age citizens is a challenge for public health, and it confirms the need for promoting active lifestyles. Effective strategies to encourage leisure-time physical need to be targeted at specific age and socioeconomic groups.