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International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship

Editor-in-Chief: Andrusyszyn, Mary-Anne

Ed. by Maltby, Hendrika J. / Babenko-Mould, Yolanda / Booth, Richard Garnet

CiteScore 2018: 1.31

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Bologna Process, More or Less: Nursing Education in the European Economic Area: A Discussion Paper

Alvisa Palese
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  • Associate Professor in Nursing Science, University of Udine, Viale Ungheria 20, 33100 Udine, Italy
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/ Adelaida Zabalegui / Arun K. Sigurdardottir / Michael Bergin / Beata Dobrowolska
  • Teacher (adjunct), Medical University of Lublin, Faculty of Nursing and Health Science, Chair of Nursing Development, Lublin, Poland
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/ Catherine Gasser
  • Lecturer in Nursing, High School of Health Sciences, University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Fribourg, Switzerland
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/ Majda Pajnkihar / Christine Jackson
Published Online: 2014-04-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijnes-2013-0022


The Bologna Declaration and the subsequent processes is the single most important reform of higher education taking place in Europe in the last 30 years. Signed in 1999, it includes 46 European Union countries and aimed to create, a more coherent, compatible, comparable and competitive European Higher Education Area. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the Bologna Declaration achievements in nursing education at 2010 within eight countries that first signed the Declaration on 1999. Researchers primarily identified national laws, policy statements, guidelines and grey literature; then, a literature review on Bologna Declaration implementation in nursing was conducted on the Medline and CINAHL databases. Critical analyses of these documents were performed by expert nurse educators. Structural, organizational, functional and cultural obstacles are hindering full Bologna Process implementation in nursing education within European Economic Area. A call for action is offered in order to achieve a functionally unified system within nursing.

Keywords: Bologna Declaration; nurse education; European Union; European Economic Area; Nursing


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About the article

Published Online: 2014-04-02

Published in Print: 2014-01-01

Citation Information: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 63–73, ISSN (Online) 1548-923X, ISSN (Print) 2194-5772, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijnes-2013-0022.

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