International Journal of the Sociology of Language
Founded by Fishman, Joshua A.
Ed. by Duchêne, Alexandre / Coulmas, Florian
CiteScore 2018: 1.10
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.062
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.933
This article examines the patterns of interaction between the Yoruba and Akoko languages. The following three major aspects of societal bilingualism engaged our attention: language ability, language use/choice in a number of domains, and language attitudes. Data on these issues were collected from 1,187 respondents with a multidimensional questionnaire and participant observation. Findings reveal that Akoko speakers are more proficient in Yoruba than in various Akoko languages. Similarly, there seems to be a positive correlation between age, level of education, type of employment, and ability in Yoruba. Language-use data suggest that the process of language shift has started, as language use at home and in the neighborhood domains is tilted in favor of Yoruba. As for language attitudes, a split commitment is discovered in that Yoruba is seen as a symbol of larger ethnic identity, whereas the Akoko languages are positively regarded as vital links with ancestors. The article underscores the need for collaborative efforts between communities, linguists, and government to salvage the languages from eventual death.
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