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International Journal of the Sociology of Language

Founded by Fishman, Joshua A.

Ed. by Garcia Otheguy, Ofelia

6 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.53

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.505
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.716

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Volume 2007, Issue 185 (May 2007)


Bilingual schooling of the Canadian Francophone minority: a cultural autonomy model

Rodrigue Landry
  • Institut canadien de recherche sur les minorités linguistiques/Canadian Institute for Research on Linguistic Minorities.
/ Réal Allard
  • Centre de recherche et de développement en éducation, Université de Moncton.
/ Kenneth Deveau
  • Université Sainte-Anne.
Published Online: 2007-05-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/IJSL.2007.029


The article gives an overview of the sociopolitical context that led to the provision of educational rights to Francophone minorities outside Quebec. It also presents a conceptual framework that distinguishes between French immersion, a bilingual program intended to promote additive bilingualism for majority group members, and French schooling, an approach developed to foster additive bilingualism for minority group members. French schooling is described as a cornerstone to cultural autonomy, a process that leads to cultural survival and ethnolinguistic vitality. The concept of cultural autonomy is defined as well as each of its components: social proximity, institutional completeness, and ideological legitimacy. Finally, the article discusses the challenges of the Canadian Francophone minorities in their quest for cultural autonomy. This cultural autonomy model of minority education is seen as unique and as an approach to minority education that could be applied to other linguistic minorities.

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Published Online: 2007-05-30

Published in Print: 2007-05-23

Citation Information: International Journal of the Sociology of Language, ISSN (Online) 1613-3668, ISSN (Print) 0165-2516, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/IJSL.2007.029.

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