Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of the Sociology of Language

Founded by Fishman, Joshua A.

Ed. by Garcia Otheguy, Ofelia / Duchêne, Alexandre / Coulmas, Florian

6 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.53

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.505
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.716

Print
ISSN
0165-2516
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 2016, Issue 241

Issues

From truncated to sociopolitical emergence: A critique of super-diversity in sociolinguistics

Nelson Flores / Mark Lewis
Published Online: 2016-08-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijsl-2016-0024

Abstract

Sociolinguists have always been leaders in advocating for the legitimacy of all language practices. Recently, sociolinguists have begun to question whether frameworks that have historically been used as part of this advocacy are adequate for describing the language practices that have emerged as part of contemporary globalization. Some scholars have proposed super-diversity as an umbrella term to unite the project of developing a new sociolinguistics of globalization. Though we are sympathetic to the goals of developing new tools for sociolinguistic inquiry, we point to three limitations of the super-diversity literature: (a) its ahistorical outlook; (b) its lack of attention to neoliberalism; and (c) its inadvertent reification of normative assumptions about language. We suggest the concept of sociopolitical emergence as an approach to sociolinguistic research that adopts insights offered by the super-diversity literature while explicitly addressing these limitations. To illustrate this approach, we consider the case of a hypersegregated Spanish/English dual-language charter school in Philadelphia. This case study begins by situating the school within the history of Latinos in the United States and Philadelphia as well as within the contemporary neoliberal political economy. We then analyze emergent linguistic practices and emergent linguistic categories that have been produced within this historical and contemporary context in ways that resist the reification of normative assumptions about language.

Keywords: super-diversity; codeswitching; neoliberalism; emergence; dual language

References

  • Auer, Peter. 1984. Bilingual conversations. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Baronov, David. 2006. Globalization and urban education. ENCOUNTER: Education for Meaning and Social Justice 19(4). 12–18.Google Scholar

  • Becker, Kristin. 1997. Spanish/English bilingual codeswitching: A syncretic model. Bilingual Review/La Revista Bilingüe 22. 3–30Google Scholar

  • Blackledge, Adrian & Angela Creese. 2010. Multilingualism: A critical perspective. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar

  • Blommaert, Jan. 2010. The sociolinguistics of globalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Blommaert, Jan. 2013a. The second life of old issues: How superdiversity ‘renews’ things. Tilburg Papers in Cultural Studies, Paper 59. Tilburg: Tilburg University.

  • Blommaert, Jan. 2013b. Ethnography, superdiversity and linguistic landscapes: Chronicles of complexity. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar

  • Blommaert, Jan. 2013c. Citizenship, language, and superdiversity: Towards complexity. Tilburg Papers in Cultural Studies, Paper 45. Tilburg: Tilburg University.

  • Blommaert, Jan. 2015. Commentary: Superdiversity old and new. Language & Communication, 82–88.

  • Blommaert, Jan & Ad Backus. 2011. Repertoires revisited: ‘Knowing language’ in superdiversity. Working Papers in Urban Language & Literacies, Paper 67. Tilburg: Tilburg University.

  • Blommaert, Jan & Ad Backus. 2012. Superdiverse repertoires and individuals. Tilburg Papers in Cultural Studies, Paper 24. Tilburg: Tilburg University.

  • Blommaert, Jan & Ben Rampton. 2011. Language and superdiversity. Diversities 13(2). 1–21.Google Scholar

  • Blommaert, Jan & Jie Kathy Dong. 2007. Language and movement in space. Working Papers in Language Diversity, Paper 1. Jyväskylä: Jyväskylä University

  • Blommaert, Jan & Piia Varis. 2011. Enough is enough: The heuristics of authenticity in superdiversity. Tilburg Papers in Cultural Studies, Paper 2. Tilburg: Tilburg University.

  • Bucholtz, Mary & Kira Hall. 2005. Identity and interaction: A sociocultural linguistic approach. Discourse Studies 7. 585–614.Google Scholar

  • Cahnmann, Melisa. 1998. Over thirty years of language-in-education policy and planning: Potter Thomas Bilingual School in Philadelphia. Bilingual Research Journal 22. 65–81.Google Scholar

  • Canagarajah, Suresh. 2013. Translingual practice: Global Englishes and cosmopolitan relations. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Cucchiara, Maia. 2013. Marketing schools, marketing cities: Who wins and loses when schools become urban amenities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

  • Fishman, Joshua. 1967. Bilingualism with and without diglossia; diglossia with and without bilingualism. Journal of Social Issues 23(2). 29–38.Google Scholar

  • Frankenberg, Erica & Genevieve Siegel-Hawley. 2009. Equity overlooked: Charter schools and civil rights policy. Los Angeles, CA: The Civil Rights Project.Google Scholar

  • Freeman, Rebecca. 2004. Building on community bilingualism. Philadelphia, PA: Caslon Publishing.Google Scholar

  • García, Ofelia. 2009. Bilingual education in the 21st century: A global perspective. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • Harvey, David. 2003. The new imperialism. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Hornberger, Nancy. 1991. Extending enrichment bilingual education: Revisiting typologies and redirecting policy. In Ofelia García (ed.), Focus on bilingual education: Essays in honor of Joshua A. Fishman. Volume 1, 215–234. Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company.Google Scholar

  • Klak, Thomas. 2014. Globalization, neoliberalism and economic change in Central America and the Caribbean. In Robert Gwynne & Cristóbal Kay (eds.), Latin America transformed: Globalization and modernity, 67–92. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Labov, William. 1972. Language in the inner city. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar

  • Larsen-Freeman, Diane & Lynne Cameron. 2008. Complex systems and applied linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Lipman, Pauline. 2011. The new political economy of urban education: Neoliberalism, race, and the right to the city. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Makoni, Sinfree & Alastair Pennycook (eds.). 2007. Disinventing and reconstituting languages. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar

  • Massey, Douglas & Nancy Denton. 1989. Hypersegregation in US metropolitan area: Black and Hispanic segregation along five dimensions. Demography 26. 373–392.Google Scholar

  • Melamed, Jodi. 2011. Represent and destroy: Rationalizing violence in the new racial capitalism. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar

  • Motel, Seth & Eileen Patten. 2012. Characteristics of the 60 largest metropolitan areas by Hispanic population. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center.Google Scholar

  • Myers-Scotton, Carol. 1993. Social motivations for codeswitching: Evidence from Africa. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar

  • National Alliance for Public Charter Schools. 2013. A growing movement: America’s largest charter school communities. Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar

  • Pennycook, Alastair. 2010. Language as a local practice. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Poplack, Shana. 1980. “Sometimes I’ll start a sentence in Spanish y termino en Español”: Toward a typology of codeswitching. Linguistics 18. 581–618.Google Scholar

  • Pratt, Mary Louise. 1991. Arts of the contact zone. Profession 91. 33–40.Google Scholar

  • Reyes, Angela. 2014. Linguistic anthropology in 2013: Super-new-big. American Anthropologist 166. 366–378.Google Scholar

  • Reyes, Illiana. 2004. Functions of code switching in schoolchildren’s conversation. Bilingual Research Journal 28. 77–98.Google Scholar

  • Smets, Peer & Ton Salman. 2008. Countering urban segregation: Theoretical and policy innovations from around the globe. Urban Studies 45. 1307–1322.Google Scholar

  • Toribio, Almeida Jacqueline. 2002. Spanish-English codeswitching among US Latinos. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 158. 89–119.Google Scholar

  • Valdés Fallis, Guadalupe. 1978. Code-switching among bilingual Mexican-American women: Towards an understanding of sex-related language alternation. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 17. 65–72.Google Scholar

  • Vazquez-Hernandez, Victor. 2005. From pan-Latino enclaves to a community: Puerto Ricans in Philadelphia, 1910–2000. In Carmen Whalen & Victor Vazquez-Hernandez (eds.), The Puerto Rican diaspora: Historical perspectives, 88–105. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.Google Scholar

  • Vertovec, Steven. 2007. Super-diversity and its implications. Ethnic and Racial Studies 29(6). 1024–1054.Google Scholar

  • Wacquant, Loïc. 2009. Punishing the poor: The neoliberal government of social insecurity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar

  • Weaver, Timothy. 2012. Neoliberalism in the trenches: Urban policy and politics in the United States and the United Kingdom. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania dissertation.Google Scholar

  • Whalen, Carmen. 2001. From Puerto Rico to Philadelphia: Puerto Rican workers and post-war economies. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.Google Scholar

  • Wortham, Stanton. 2004. From good student to outcast: The emergence of a classroom identity. Ethos 32. 164–187.Google Scholar

  • Wortham, Stanton. 2012. Beyond macro and micro in the linguistic anthropology of education. Anthropology & Education Quarterly 43. 128–137.Google Scholar

  • Zentella, Ana Celia. 1997. Growing up bilingual: Puerto Rican children in New York. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2016-08-11

Published in Print: 2016-09-01


Citation Information: International Journal of the Sociology of Language, Volume 2016, Issue 241, Pages 97–124, ISSN (Online) 1613-3668, ISSN (Print) 0165-2516, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijsl-2016-0024.

Export Citation

©2016 by De Gruyter Mouton.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in