Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of the Sociology of Language

Founded by Fishman, Joshua A.

Ed. by Garcia Otheguy, Ofelia / Duchêne, Alexandre / Coulmas, Florian

6 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.53

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.505
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.716

Online
ISSN
1613-3668
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 2018, Issue 254

Issues

Framing the diaspora and the homeland: language ideologies in the Cuban diaspora

Gabriela G. Alfaraz
Published Online: 2018-10-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijsl-2018-0033

Abstract

This article discusses language ideologies in relation to political ideologies in the Cuban diaspora in the United States. The findings of three longitudinal attitude studies, two conducted using the methods of perceptual dialectology, and a third with the matched-guise method, indicated that the diaspora’s political beliefs have a robust effect on its beliefs about Cuban Spanish in the diaspora and in the homeland. The perceptions studies showed that the national variety has a high degree of prestige in the diaspora, and that it has very low prestige in Cuba. The results of the matched-guise test showed that participants were unable to differentiate voices recorded in the 1960s and the 1990s, and that social information about residence in Cuba or the diaspora was more important to judgments of correctness than the presence of nonstandard variants. It is argued that the diaspora’s language ideology is maintained through erasure and essentialization: social and linguistic facts are erased, and the homeland is racially essentialized. It is suggested that through its language ideology, the Cuban diaspora claims authenticity and legitimacy vis-à-vis the homeland.

Keywords: diaspora; nationalism; language ideologies; Cubans

References

  • Ajzen, Ice & Martin Fishbein. 2005. The influence of attitudes on behavior. In Dolores Albarracin, Blair T. Johnson & Mark P Zanna (eds.), The handbook of attitudes, 173–221. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.Google Scholar

  • Alfaraz, Gabriela G. 2002. Miami Cuban perceptions of varieties of Spanish. In Daniel Long & Dennis R. Preston (eds.), Handbook of perceptual dialectology: Volume 2, 1–11. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing.Google Scholar

  • Alfaraz, Gabriela G. 2014. Dialect perceptions in real time: A restudy of Miami-Cuban perceptions. Journal of Linguistic Geography 2(02). 74–86.Google Scholar

  • Alvar, Manuel & Antonio Quilis. 1984. Reacciones de unos hablantes cubanos ente diversas variedades del español. Lingüística Española Actual VI. 229–265.Google Scholar

  • Benson, Devyn Spence. 2016. Antiracism in Cuba: The unfinished revolution. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar

  • Bergman, Martin & De Palma, Brian. 1983. Scarface [Motion picture]. Universal City, CA: Universal Studios Home Entertainment.Google Scholar

  • Castellanos, Isabel M. 1980. Actitudes sociolingüísticas hacia el español del Caribe. Lenguaje Cali 11. 73–91.Google Scholar

  • Castellanos, Jorge & Isabel Castellanos. 1994. Cultura afrocubana. Miami: Ediciones Universal.Google Scholar

  • Clealand, Danielle P. 2013. When ideology clashes with reality: Racial discrimination and black identity in contemporary Cuba. Ethnic and Racial Studies 36(10). 1619–1636.Google Scholar

  • Clifford, James. 1994. Diasporas. Cultural Anthropology 3. 2–38.Google Scholar

  • Cohen, Robin. 2008. Global diasporas: An introduction. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • De la Campa, Román. 2000. Cuba on my mind: Journeys to a severed nation. London, UK: Verso.Google Scholar

  • Domínguez Hernández, Marlen A. 2000. Los problemas del español del Caribe (hispánico) (insular) y la identidad. Facultad de Artes y Letras. La Habana: Universidad de La Habana.Google Scholar

  • Duany, Jorge. 2011. Blurred borders: Transnational migration between the Hispanic Caribbean and the United States. Chapell Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar

  • Faist, Thomas. 2010. Diasporas and transnationalism: What kind of dance partners?. In Rainer Bauböck & Thomas Faist (eds.), Diaspora and transnationalism: Concepts, theories and methods, 9–34. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.Google Scholar

  • Fishman, Joshua. 1972. Language and nationalism; Two integrative essays. Rowley, MA: Newbury House Publishers.Google Scholar

  • Gal, Susan. 2010. Theories and methods. In Peter Auer & Jürgen Erich Schmidt (eds.), Language and space: An international handbook of linguistic variation, 33–50. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.Google Scholar

  • García González, José. 1980. Acerca de la pronunciación de R y L implosivas en el español de Cuba: variantes e influencias. Islas 65. 115–117.Google Scholar

  • Garrett, Peter. 2010. Attitudes to language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Giles, Howard & Nancy Niedzielski. 1998. Italian is beautiful, German is ugly. In Laurie Bauer & Peter Trudgill (eds.), Language myths, 85–93. London, England: Penguin Books.Google Scholar

  • Glick Schiller, Nina, Linda Basch & Cristina Blanc‐Szanton. 1992. Transnationalism: A new analytic framework for understanding migration. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 645(1). 1–24.Google Scholar

  • Grugel, Jean & Henry Kippin. 2007. The Cuban diaspora. In Hazel Smith & Paul B. Stares (eds.), Diasporas in conflict. Peace-makers or peace-wreckers, 153–171. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.Google Scholar

  • Hall, Stuart. 1990. Cultural identity and diaspora. In Jonathan Rutherford (ed.), Identity: Community, culture, difference, 222–237. London: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar

  • Irvine, Judith T. & Susan Gal. 2000. Language ideology and linguistic differentiation. In Paul V. Kroskrity (ed.), Regimes of language: Ideologies, polities, and identities. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press.Google Scholar

  • Kelly, James. 1981. South Florida: Trouble in Paradise. Time 118(21). 22–32.Google Scholar

  • Lambert, Wallace E. Richard C. Hodgson, Robert C. Gardner & Samuel Fillenbaum. 1960. Evaluational reactions to spoken languages. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 60(1). 44–51.Google Scholar

  • Lohmeier, Christine. 2014. Cuban Americans and the Miami media. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.Google Scholar

  • Mann, Michael. 1984. Miami Vice [Television series]. Universal City, CA: Universal Studios Home Entertainment.Google Scholar

  • Niedzielski, Nancy. 1999. The effect of social information on the perception of sociolinguistic variables. Journal of Language and Social Psychology 18(1). 62–85.Google Scholar

  • Peña, Yesilernis, Jim Sidanius & Mark Sawyer. 2004. Racial democracy in the Americas: A Latin and U.S. comparison. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 35(6). 749–762.Google Scholar

  • Pérez Firmat, Gustavo. 2010. The Havana habit. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar

  • Portés, Alejandro & Aaron Puhrmann. 2015. A bifurcated enclave: The economic evolution of the Cuban and Cuban American population of metropolitan Miami. Cuban Studies/Estudios Cubanos 43. 40–64.Google Scholar

  • Preston, Dennis R. 1996. Where the worst English is spoken. In Edgar W. Schneider (ed.), Focus on the USA, 297–360. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Preston, Dennis R. 2011. The power of language regard. Dialectología 2. 9–33.Google Scholar

  • Schieffelin, Bambi B. & Elinor Ochs. 1986. Language socialization. Annual Review of Anthropology 1. 63–91.Google Scholar

  • Segall, Gili, Dana Birnbaum, Inas Deeb & Gil Diesendruck. 2015. The intergenerational transmission of ethnic essentialism: How parents talk counts the most. Developmental Science 18(4). 543–555.Google Scholar

  • Sobrino Triana, Roxana, Lourdes E. Montero Bernal & América J. Menéndez Pryce. 2014. Actitudes lingüísticas en Cuba. Cambios positivos hacia la variante nacional de lengua. Bergen Language and Linguistics Studies 5. 290–408.Google Scholar

  • Toribio, Almeida Jacqueline. 2003. The social significance of Spanish language loyalty among Black and White Dominicans in New York. Bilingual Review/La Revista Bilingüe 27(1). 3–11.Google Scholar

  • Woolard, Kathryn A. & Bambi B. Schieffelin. 1994. Language ideology. Annual Review of Anthropology 23(1). 55–82.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-10-25

Published in Print: 2018-10-25


Citation Information: International Journal of the Sociology of Language, Volume 2018, Issue 254, Pages 49–69, ISSN (Online) 1613-3668, ISSN (Print) 0165-2516, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijsl-2018-0033.

Export Citation

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in