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Indogermanische Forschungen

Zeitschrift für Indogermanistik und historische Sprachwissenschaft / Journal of Indo-European Studies and Historical Linguistics

Ed. by Fortson, Benjamin W. / Keydana, Götz / Rieken, Elisabeth / Widmer, Paul

1 Issue per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.189
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.203

CiteScore 2017: 0.19

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.138
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.517

Online
ISSN
1613-0405
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Volume 122, Issue 1

Issues

A shared substrate between Greek and Italic

Romain Garnier / Benoît Sagot
Published Online: 2017-10-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/if-2017-0002

Abstract

The Greek lexicon is known for its significant proportion of words lacking a clear etymology. Previous attempts to explain these words range from the socalled “Pelasgian” hypotheses, which resort to an unattested satem Indo-European language, to Beekes’s (2010; 2014) non-Indo-European “Pre-Greek”. In this paper, we reconsider this long-disputed question, and adduce Latin and even Proto- Romance data to unveil a centum language which possibly served as the basis for borrowing in both Common Greek and, at a later date, Common Italic. We analyse several dozen difficult Greek and Italic words as borrowings from this newly identified language, for which we provide a set of phonetic laws that model its development from Proto-Indo-European. Important methodological strengths of our proposal include the systematic correspondence between Greek and Italic forms, the semantic plausibility of our etymologies, and their consistency with what is known about Proto-Indo-European word-formation patterns. Moreover, a computer implementation of these phonetic laws ensures its formal consistency and validates the chronological ordering we put forward. This is all the more important since most of our etymologies involve more than one of these phonetic laws, which is an additional confirmation of the plausibility of our proposal.

About the article

Published Online: 2017-10-07

Published in Print: 2017-09-26


Citation Information: Indogermanische Forschungen, Volume 122, Issue 1, Pages 29–60, ISSN (Online) 1613-0405, ISSN (Print) 0019-7262, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/if-2017-0002.

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