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Inflammation as a target of minocycline: special interest in the regulation of inflammasome signaling

Anu Kauppinen
  • Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland
  • Department of Ophthalmology, Kuopio University Hospital, P.O. Box 1777, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Antero Salminen
  • Department of Neurology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland
  • Department of Neurology, Kuopio University Hospital,P.O. Box 1777, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Kai Kaarniranta
  • Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland
  • Department of Ophthalmology, Kuopio University Hospital, P.O. Box 1777, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-11-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/infl-2013-0002


Minocycline is a wide-spectrum antibiotic derived from tetracycline. In addition to its anti-microbial activity, minocycline is known to possess several immunomodulatory and neuroprotective properties. Fewer severe side effects and more efficient tissue penetration make minocycline better than its parent tetracycline. Doxycycline competes with minocycline in improved biological half-life but minocycline becomes more rapidly absorbed in tissues than doxycycline. Due to its high lipid solubility, minocycline also crosses the blood-brain barrier easily, which increases its relevance in the treatment of diseases beyond the barriers. Inflammasomes are intracellular protein complexes which become primed via NF-kB and MAPK pathways, and activated by various PAMPs and DAMPs. In this article, we hypothese about the capability of minocycline to regulate inflammasomes as part of its anti-inflammatory activity. The hypothesis is based on the ability of minocycline to regulate signals essential to both the priming and the activation of inflammasome signaling

Keywords: Minocycline; Inflammation; Oxidative stress; NLRP3; Inflammasome; NF-kB; MAPK


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About the article

Received: 2013-06-28

Accepted: 2013-10-14

Published Online: 2013-11-29

Published in Print: 2014-01-01

Citation Information: Inflammasome, ISSN (Online) 2300-102X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/infl-2013-0002.

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©2013 Anu Kauppinen et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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