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Interdisciplinary Toxicology

The Journal of Institute of Experimental Pharmacology of Slovak Academy of Sciences

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Some food toxic for pets

Natália Kovalkovičová / Irena Šutiaková / Juraj Pistl / Václav Šutiak
Published Online: 2009-09-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10102-009-0012-4

Some food toxic for pets

According to world statistics, dogs and cats are the species that owners most frequently seek assistance with potential poisonings, accounting 95-98% of all reported animal cases. Exposures occur more commonly in the summer and in December that is associated with the holiday season. The majority (>90%) of animal poisonings are accidental and acute in nature and occur near or at the animal owner's home. Feeding human foodstuff to pets may also prove dangerous for their health.

The aim of this review was to present common food items that should not be fed (intentionally or unintentionally) to dogs, i.e. chocolate, caffeine, and other methylxanthines, grapes, raisins, onion, garlic, avocado, alcohol, nuts, xylitol contained in chewing gum and candies, etc. Onion and avocado are toxic for cats, too. The clinical effects of individual toxicants and possible therapy are also mentioned. Knowing what human food has the potential to be involved in serious toxicoses should allow veterinarians to better educate their clients on means of preventing pet poisonings.

It can be concluded that the best advice must surely be to give animal fodder or treats specifically developed for their diets.

Keywords: pet; human food; intoxication

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About the article

Published Online: 2009-09-24

Published in Print: 2009-09-01

Citation Information: Interdisciplinary Toxicology, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 169–176, ISSN (Online) 1337-9569, ISSN (Print) 1337-6853, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10102-009-0012-4.

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