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International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching

Ed. by Jordens, Peter / Roberts, Leah

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Language learning strategy use in context: the effects of self-efficacy and CLIL on language proficiency

Nils Jaekel
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  • Theory and Practice in Teacher Education, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA
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Published Online: 2018-06-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/iral-2016-0102


Language learning strategies (LLS) are suggested to facilitate learning and support learner autonomy. The integration of content and language in foreign language education increases the cognitive work load. Furthermore, self-efficacy has been identified as a key predictor for strategy use and language achievement. The present study aimed to (1) investigate LLS use in content-based versus traditional foreign language environments and (2) assess the impact LLS use and self-efficacy have on language proficiency. Participants were Year 9 Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) and regular English as a foreign language (EFL) students (N=378) in Germany. Structural equation modelling, controlling for a range of confounding variables, showed that (1) there was no difference in LLS use between CLIL and EFL students. (2) LLS use had a negative impact while self-efficacy predicted higher language proficiency. These results suggest that students may best be supported by enhancing their self-efficacy while they should carefully choose their strategies.

Keywords: second language acquisition; content-based language learning; individual differences; language learning straetegies; psycholinguistics; bilingualism; syntax; self-efficacy


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Published Online: 2018-06-22

Citation Information: International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, ISSN (Online) 1613-4141, ISSN (Print) 0019-042X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/iral-2016-0102.

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