Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching

Ed. by Jordens, Peter / Roberts, Leah

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.545

CiteScore 2016: 0.49

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.279
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.269

Online
ISSN
1613-4141
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print

Issues

Comparing learners’ and native speakers’ use of collocations in written Spanish

Marcos García Salido
  • Corresponding author
  • Departamento de Letras, Grupo LyS, Universidade da Coruña, Facultade de Filoloxía, Campus da Zapateira, A Coruña, 15008, Spain
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marcos Garcia
  • Departamento de Letras, Grupo LyS, Universidade da Coruña, Facultade de Filoloxía, Campus da Zapateira, A Coruña, 15008, Spain
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-05-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/iral-2016-0103

Abstract

This article compares the use of collocations in texts written by native speakers and advanced learners of Spanish. The collocations studied were first identified in the sample texts on the grounds of phraseological criteria and subsequently assigned frequency information corresponding to their occurrence in a reference corpus of Spanish. The distribution of collocations with different frequency of co-occurrence and mutual information scores in the texts of the two samples was then compared, as was their proportion in the collocation repertoire of native speakers and learners. The study revealed significant differences both in terms of frequency and mutual information.

Keywords: collocations; learner writing; association measures; frequency; mutual information

References

  • Alonso Ramos, Margarita, Leo Wanner, Nancy Vázquez Veiga, Orsolya Vincze, Estela Mosqueira Suárez & Sabela Prieto González. 2010a. Tagging collocations for learners. In Sylviane Granger & Magali Paquot (eds.), Elexicography in the 21st Century: New Challenges, New Applications. Proceedings of eLex2009 (Cahiers du Cental 7), 375–380. Louvain-la Neuve: Presses Universitaires de Louvain.Google Scholar

  • Alonso Ramos, Margarita, Leo Wanner, Orsolya Vincze, Gerard Casamayor, Nancy Vázquez Veiga, Estela Mosqueira Suárez & Sabela Prieto González. 2010b. Towards a motivated annotation schema of collocation errors in learner corpora. In Nicoletta Calzolari, Khalid Choukri, Bente Maegaard, Joseph Mariani, Jan Odjik, Stelios Piperidis, Mike Rosner & Daniel Tapias (eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh Conference on International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’10), 19–21 May 2010, Valletta, Malta, 3209–3214. European Language Resources Association (ELRA).

  • Altenberg, Bengt & Sylviane Granger. 2001. The grammatical and lexical patterning of MAKE in native and non-native student writing. Applied Linguistics 22. 173–195.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bestgen, Yves & Sylviane Granger. 2014. Quantifying the development of phraseological competence in L2 English writing: An automated approach. Journal of Second Language Writing 26. 28–41.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Church, Kenneth, William Gale, Patrick Hanks & Donald Hindle. 1991. Using statistics in lexical analysis. In U. Zernick (ed.), Lexical acquisition, 115–164. Englewood Cliff, New Jersey: Erlbaum.Google Scholar

  • Council of Europe. 2001. Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, teaching, assessment. https://www.coe.int/t/dg4/linguistic/Source/Framework_EN.pdf (accessed 1 June 2016).

  • Cowie, A. P. 1981. The treatment of collocations and idioms in Learners’ dictionaries. Applied Linguistics 2(3). 223–235.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Cowie, A. P. 1998. Phraseological dictionaries: Some East–West comparisons. In A. P. Cowie (ed.), Phraseology. Theory, analysis, and applications, 209–228. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Durrant, Philip. 2008. High frequency collocations and second language learning. Nottingham: University of Nottingham dissertation.

  • Durrant, Philip. 2014. Corpus frequency and second language learners’ knowledge of collocations. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 19(4). 443–477.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Durrant, Philip & Norbert Schmitt. 2009. To what extent do native and non-native speakers maker use of collocations? IRAL 47. 157–177.Google Scholar

  • Ellis, Nick, Rita Simpson-Vlach & Carson Maynard. 2008. Formulaic language in native and second language speakers: Psycholinguistics, corpus linguistics, and TESOL. TESOL Quarterly 42(3). 375–396.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Erman, Britt & Beatrice Warren. 2000. The idiom principle and the open choice principle. Text 20(1). 29–62.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Evert, Stefan. 2005. The Statistics of word cooccurrences. Stuttgart: Universität Stuttgart dissertation.

  • Evert, Stefan. 2008. Corpora and collocations. In Anke Lüdeling & Merja Kytö (eds.), Corpus linguistics. An international handbook. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. http://purl.org/stefan.evert/PUB/Evert2007HSK_extended_manuscript.pdf (accessed 15 April 2016).

  • Ferrando Aramo, Verónica. 2012. Aspectos teóricos y metodológicos para la compilación de un diccionario combinatorio destinado a estudiantes de E/LE. Tesis doctoral. Tarragona: Universitat Rovira i Virgili dissertation.

  • Ferraro, Gabriela, Rogelio Nazar, Margarita Alonso Ramos & Leo Wanner. 2014. Towards advanced collocation error correction in Spanish learner corpora. Language Resources and Evaluation 48. 45–64.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Firth, John R. 1957 [1951]. “Modes of meaning”. In John R. Firth (ed.), Papers in Linguistics 1934–1951, 190–216. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Gilquin, Gaëtanelle. 2007. To err is not all: What corpus and elicitation can reveal about the use of collocations by learners. Zeitschrift Für Anglistik Und Amerikanistik 55(3). 273–291.Google Scholar

  • González Fernández, B. & N. Schmitt 2015. How much collocation knowledge do L2 learners have?: The effects of frequency and amount of exposure. ITL International Journal of Applied Linguistics 166. 94–126.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Granger, Sylviane & Yves Bestgen. 2014. The use of collocations by intermediate vs. advanced non-native writers: A bi-gram based study. IRAL 52(3). 229–252.Google Scholar

  • Granger, Sylviane & Magali Paquot. 2012. Formulaic language in learner corpora. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 32. 130–149.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Halliday, M. A. K. 1966. Lexis as a linguistic level. In C. E. Bazell, J. C. Catford, M. A. K. Halliday & R. H. Robins (eds.), In memory of J. R. Firth, 148–162. London: Longman.Google Scholar

  • Hasselgren, Angela. 1994. Lexical teddy bears and advanced learners: A study into the ways Norwegian students cope with English vocabulary. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 4(2). 237–260.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hausmann, Franz Josef. 1989. Le dictionnaire de collocations. In Franz Josef Hausmann, Oskar Reichmann, Hans Ernst Wiegand & Ladislav Zgusta (eds.), Wörterbücher : ein internationales Handbuch zur Lexikographie. Dictionaries. Dictionnaires, 1010–1019. Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Insituto Cervantes. 1997-2016. Plan curricular del Instituto Cervantes. http://cvc.cervantes.es/ensenanza/biblioteca_ele/plan_curricular/ (accessed 1 June 2016).

  • Kilgarriff, Adam. 2001. Comparing corpora. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 6(1). 97–133.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kilgarriff, Adam & Irene Renau. 2013. esTenTen, a Vast Web Corpus of Peninsular and American Spanish. Procedia 95. 12–19.Google Scholar

  • Krishnamurthy, Ramesh. 2000. Collocation: from silly ass to lexical sets. In Chris Heffer & Helen Sauntson (eds.), Words in context: A tribute to John Sinclair on his retirement, 31–47. Birmingham: University of Birmingham.Google Scholar

  • Lexical Computing. 2015. Statistics used in the Sketch-Engine. https://www.sketchengine.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/ske-stat.pdf (accessed 1 June 2016).

  • Lijffijt, Jefrey, Terttu Nevalainen, Panagiotis Papapetrou, Kai Puolamaki & Heikki Mannila. 2014. Significance testing of word frequencies in corpora. Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, fqu064. http://dsh.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/12/08/llc.fqu064 (accessed 4 December 2015)

  • Lorenz, Günter. 1999. Adjective intensification – Learners versus Native speakers: A corpus study of argumentative writing. Amsterdam: Rodopi.Google Scholar

  • Lozano, Cristobal. 2009. CEDEL2: Corpus Escrito del Español L2. In Carmen M. Bretones Callejas, José Francisco Fernández Sánchez, José Ramón Ibáñez Maria Elena García Sánchez, Ma Enriqueta Cortés De Los Ríos, Sagrario Salaberri Ramiro, Ma Soledad Cruz Martínez, Nobel Pedrú Honeyman & Blasina Cantizano Márquez (eds.), Applied linguistics now: Understanding language and mind/La lingüística aplicada hoy: Comprendiendo el lenguaje y la mente, 197–212. Almería: Universidad de Almería.Google Scholar

  • Lozano, Cristobal & Amaya. Mendikoetxea 2013. Learner corpora and second language acquisition: The design and collection of CEDEL. In Ana Díaz-Negrillo, Nicolas Ballier & Paul Thompson (eds.), Automatic treatment and analysis of learner corpus data, 65–100. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Martinez, Ron. 2013. A framework for the inclusion of multi-word expressions in ELT. ELT Journal 67. 184–198.Google Scholar

  • Mel’cuk, Igor A. 2012. Phraseology in the language, in the dictionary, and in the computer. Yearbook of Phraseology 3(1). 31–56.Google Scholar

  • Mel’čuk, Igor A. 1995. Phrasemes in language and phraseology in linguistics. In Martin Everaert, Erik-Jan Van Der Linden, Andr Schenk & Robert Schreuder (eds.), Idioms: Structural and Psychological perspectives, 167–232. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar

  • Meunier, F. 2012. Formulaic language and language teaching. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 32. 111–129.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Millar, Neil 2011. The processing of Malformed Formulaic language. Applied Linguistics 32(2). 129–148.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Nation, Paul. 2001. Learning vocabulary in another language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Nesselhauf, Nadia. 2005. Collocations in a learner corpus. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Paquot, Magali & Yves Bestgen. 2009. Distinctive words in academic writing: A comparison of three statistical tests for keyword extraction. In Andreas H. Jucker, Daniel Schreier & Marianne Hundt (eds.), Corpora: Pragmatics and discourse, 243–265. Amsterdam: Rodopi.Google Scholar

  • Pawley, Andrew. 1985. On speech formulas and linguistic competence. Lenguas Modernas 12. 84–104.Google Scholar

  • Polguère, Alain. 2012. Propriétés sémantiques et combinatoires des quasi-prédicats sémantiques. Scolia 26. 131–152.Google Scholar

  • Sinclair, John M. (ed.). 1987. Looking up – An account of the COBUILD Project in lexical computing. London: Harper-Collins.Google Scholar

  • Stubbs, Michael. 1995. Collocations and semantic profiles: On the cause of the trouble with quantitative studies. Functions of Language 2(1). 23–55.Google Scholar

  • Vincze, Orsolya. 2015. Learning multiword expressions from corpora and dictionaries. A Coruña: Universidade da Coruña dissertation.

  • Vincze, Orsolya & Margarita Alonso Ramos. 2013. Incorporating frequency information in a collocation dictionary: Establishing a methodology. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 96. 241–248.Google Scholar

  • Vincze, Orsolya, Margarita Alonso Ramos & Estela Mosqueira. 2011. Exploiting a learner corpus for the development of a CALL environment for learning Spanish collocations. In Iztok Kosem & Karmen Kosem (eds.), Electronic lexicography in the 21st century: New applications for new users. Proceedings of eLex 2011, 280–285. Ljubljana: Trojina, Institute for Applied Slovene Studies.Google Scholar

  • Vinzce, Orsolya, Marcos García Salido, Ana Orol & Margarita Alonso Ramos. 2016. A corpus study of Spanish as a Foreign Language learners’ collocation production. In Margarita Alonso Ramos (ed.), Spanish learner corpus research: Current trends and future perspectives, 299–332. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Wray, Alison. 2002. Formulaic language and the lexicon, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-05-13


Citation Information: International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, ISSN (Online) 1613-4141, ISSN (Print) 0019-042X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/iral-2016-0103.

Export Citation

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in