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Class, Status, and Education: The Influence of Parental Resources on IEO in Europe, 1893-1987

Cinzia Meraviglia
  • Department of Social and Political Sciences, University of Milan, via Conservatorio 7 – 20122 Milan, Italy
/ Maarten L. Buis
  • Department of History and Sociology, Box 40, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
Published Online: 2015-06-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/irsr-2015-0004


There is a long tradition of studying the influence of parental background on educational attainment of the offspring. Recently the emphasis in this tradition has shifted to the question of what parental background is. In particular, what contributes to social background, for example parental occupational status, parental occupational class, and/or parental education? Moreover, who contributes to parental background, the mother, the father, or both? In this article we asked the question whether these different components of parental background are stable across time and across countries, or are some components more important in some countries or periods than in other countries or periods. We were able to reject the hypothesis that the contributions of the different components were constant across 29 European countries. In most of these countries we were also able to reject that these contributions were constant over time.

Keywords: Inequality of educational opportunity (IEO); measurement of social origin; dominance method; proportionally weighted regression; sheaf coefficient.


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About the article

Published Online: 2015-06-30

Citation Information: International Review of Social Research, ISSN (Online) 2069-8534, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/irsr-2015-0004. Export Citation

© Cinzia Meraviglia, Maarten L. Buis. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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