Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Der Islam

Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East

Ed. by Heidemann, Stefan / Hagen, Gottfried / Kaplony, Andreas / Matthee, Rudi

2 Issues per year


CiteScore 2017: 0.04

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.100

Online
ISSN
1613-0928
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 95, Issue 2

Issues

Iḫtiyār ad-Dīn al-Ḥasan ibn Ġafras. Ein Rūm-seldschukischer Usurpator aus byzantinischem Adel im Jahr 588/1192

Stefan Heidemann / Claudia Sode
Published Online: 2018-11-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/islam-2018-0030

Abstract

A seal of Ikhtiyār al-Dīn al-Ḥasan ibn Ghafras, a member of a noble Byzantine family serving at the court of sultan Qilijǧ Arslān, is witness of a brief moment of historical opportunities in the history of the Rūm-Saljūqs. Al-Ḥasan assumed the title of al-sulṭān, indicating that he claimed the sultanate for himself, presumably after the death of Qilij Arslān in 588/1192. No literary source corroborates his usurpation. While the sources on the political turmoil at the end of Qilij Arslān’s reign are few and contradictory, an anonymous chronicle, Tārīkh-i Āl-i Saljūq, opens a possible window onto al-Ḥasan’s ascension to the sultanate. Based on this narrative his only legitimation would have been the ‘law of the Turks’ on regicide, namely that he who kills the ruler, becomes ruler himself. According to the Tārīkh-i Āl-i Saljūq he poisoned Qilij Arslān.

Keywords: Ikhtiyār al-Dīn al-Ḥasan ibn Ghafras; Gabras family; Rūm-Saljūqs; Saljūq-Byzantine relations; Qilij Arslān; lead seal; regicide

Article note: Diese Arbeit entstand im Zusammenhang mit den Vorarbeiten zu einem Katalog der orientalischen Bleisiegel in Dumbarton Oaks und im Fogg Museum of Art. Wir danken beiden Einrichtungen für die Erlaubnis, das Siegel zu publizieren. Für das Projekt gewährte uns Dumbarton Oaks eine großzügige Förderung für zwei Forschungsaufenthalte in den Jahren 2004 und 2018. Unser besonderer Dank gilt Alice-Mary Talbot, John Nesbitt, Gudrun Bühl und Jonathan Shea, die sich in verschiedenen Phasen für unser Vorhaben verwendet haben.

About the article

Published Online: 2018-11-09

Published in Print: 2018-11-08


Citation Information: Der Islam, Volume 95, Issue 2, Pages 450–478, ISSN (Online) 1613-0928, ISSN (Print) 0021-1818, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/islam-2018-0030.

Export Citation

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in