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Der Islam

Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East

Ed. by Heidemann, Stefan / Hagen, Gottfried / Kaplony, Andreas / Matthee, Rudi

2 Issues per year

CiteScore 2017: 0.04

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.100

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Volume 90, Issue 2


The Geography of the Isnād: Possibilities for the Reconstruction of Local Ritual Practice in the 2nd/8th Century

Najam Iftikhar Haider
Published Online: 2013-10-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/islam-2013-0010

Abstract: Regionalism is a key element in narratives pertaining to the rise of the formal Muslim law schools. It is generally believed that these legal schools were influenced by the customary practices of the prominent urban centers of the early 2nd/8th century. Such assumptions are rooted in the Muslim legal works themselves, which distinguish between the legal views of important regional centers. This article tests the purported regional associations of individual law schools by utilizing traditions pertaining to ritual law (i.e., the daily prayer) to reconstruct the dominant practice (or practices) of major Muslim cities (i.e., Mecca, Medina, Baṣra and Kūfa) of the early 2nd/8th century. In the process, it models a method for deriving historical information from newly datable legal source material.

: Basmala; Baṣra; early Islamic history; Ḥadīth; Ḥanbalīs; Ḥanafīs; Ḥijāz; Imāmī Shīʿa; ʿIrāq; Kūfa; Mālikīs; Medina; Mecca; Qunūt; regionalism; ritual; Shāfiʿīs; Zaydī Shīʿa

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Published Online: 2013-10-01

Published in Print: 2013-10-01

Citation Information: Der Islam, Volume 90, Issue 2, Pages 306–346, ISSN (Online) 1613-0928, ISSN (Print) 0021-1818, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/islam-2013-0010.

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