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it - Information Technology

Methods and Applications of Informatics and Information Technology

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Volume 58, Issue 1


Using cognitive models for behavioral assistance of humans

Judith Michael
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  • Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Institute of Applied Informatics, A-9020 Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, Österreich
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Published Online: 2016-02-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/itit-2015-0050


Cognitive impairments are a rising challenge in society. Everybody has experienced events of forgetting what one was going to do when entering a certain room, or where one has put the keys, the purse or the smartphone. Such problems mostly occur under stress or fatigue. And they may increase with age up to diseases like senile dementia or Alzheimer which affect mental tasks like memory or reasoning, and thus often lead to the need of comprehensive assistance. Due to the societal change, the number of people suffering from such impairments is continuously growing. Cognitive modeling may provide human-centered solutions for this challenge since a cognitive model of a person's behavior, regarding activities of daily living, can serve as a knowledge base for support actions. This paper presents a Domain Specific Modeling Language for Ambient Assistance: The Human Cognitive Modeling Language (HCM-L). It was developed to preserve the episodic memory of a person in the form of conceptual behavior models including relevant context. The work is part of the Human Behavior Monitoring and Support (HBMS) project, a research project in the field of Ambient Assisted Living funded by the Klaus Tschira Stiftung gGmbH. HBMS aims at monitoring a person's behavior using activity recognition techniques, generating models from their output, and providing focused and timely support by the use of intelligent reasoning mechanisms.

Keywords: Domain specific modeling languages; ambient assistance; cognitive model

ACM CCS: Human-centered computing→Ubiquitous and mobile computing→Ubiquitous and mobile computing theory; concepts and paradigms→Ambient intelligence; Software and its engineering→Software notations and tools→Context specific languages→Domain specific languages

About the article

Judith Michael

Judith Michael is a post-doctoral researcher at the Institute of Applied Informatics at the Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt. She studied Informatics and from 2006 on, she has worked as a project staff member and a software engineer/consultant in Austrian IT-companies. Her PhD thesis in the Human Behavior Monitoring and Support project (HBMS) was about Cognitive Modeling for Ambient Assistance. Her research focuses on Conceptual Modeling, Knowledge Management, Requirements Engineering, Model Driven Architecture, Human Centered Computing and Ambient Assistance. In 2015 she was honored with a junior fellowship of the Gesellschaft für Informatik. Currently, she is co-speaker of the junior fellows.

Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Institute of Applied Informatics, A-9020 Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, Österreich

Accepted: 2015-12-02

Received: 2015-12-02

Published Online: 2016-02-09

Published in Print: 2016-02-01

Citation Information: it - Information Technology, Volume 58, Issue 1, Pages 44–48, ISSN (Online) 2196-7032, ISSN (Print) 1611-2776, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/itit-2015-0050.

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